EDITORIAL By Ruth Carter
Guest Editorial: National Series Authority File Derailed? By John J. Riemer
What is a Work? Part 1: The User and the Objects of the
Catalog. By Martha M. Yee
ABSTRACT. This is the first of a series of articles that explore the concept of work and attempt to construct a definition of the term based on Anglo-American cataloging theory and practice. The user and the objects of the catalog are studied first.
How to Distinguish and Catalog Chinese Personal Names.
By Qianli Hu
ABSTRACT. This paper provides the easiest methods to distinguish and catalog Chinese personal names for American librarians, especially to those who know nothing about Chinese personal names. It briefly introduces how Chinese names are formed. It examines different formats of Chinese personal names in the different countries and areas. Appendix 1 and 2 present the list of popular Chinese last names in Chinese, Pinyin, Wade-Giles, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore formats. It is sorted alphabetically for Pinyin. Appendix 3 provides the list of Hanyu Pinyin with Zhuyin Zimu, which may help people from Taiwan or other areas to learn Hanyu Pinyin. The paper also makes some suggestions and comments on Chinese personal names for AACR2.
Ideological Influences on Book Classification Schemes in
the People's Republic
of China. By William E. Studwell, Hong Wu, and Rui Wang
ABSTRACT. Four major classification schemes used in the People's Republic of China are briefly discussed to show how ideology considerations have influenced their structure and contents. Recommendations are made for possible future revision.
Spanish and Portuguese Online Cataloging: Where Do You
Start From Scratch?
By Christiane Erbolato-Ramsey
ABSTRACT. Growing backlogs demand effective use of online databases. This study suggests a pattern of availability of Spanish and Portuguese language records on RLIN and OCLC, which can be used systematically by the cataloger in order to strategically move or eliminate a large backlog. An analysis of online search hit-rates suggested that items not cataloged for fifteen months after receipt, will not likely receive cataloging. After that period of time, the availability of records online does increase and monographs should receive original cataloging, instead of being set aside again until further copy appears online.
Cataloging Pierre Bourdieu's Books. By Rubčn
ABSTRACT. The problems of culture and ideology have been studied in phenomenology, structuralism, and historical materialism, but they fail to make connections between theory and social reality. To solve this situation, Pierrre Bourdieu proposes the Theory of Practice. This Theory of Practice, together with his notions of Cultural capital, Field, Habitus, social reproduction, symbolic power, and so on, are the subjects of 23 books written by Bourdieu up to 1991. Because the purpose of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) is to guide users to the subject(s) of a given book, one would expect to find those conceptual categories present in the subject headings assigned to Bourdieu's books. This paper is a study of the subject headings given to those 23 books, and their different translations into English, Spanish, Portuguese, and German, comprising 89 records in OCLC as of December 1991. However, due to lack of availability one book and its respective record were eliminated, reducing the universe to 22 books and 88 records. It was found that most of the books erroneously received headings that do not correspond to their content, as the headings were assigned from the functionalist paradigm. In general, LCSHs ignore the conceptual categories of other paradigms, do not match the current vocabulary used by social scientists, and are ideologically biased.
How to Get Research in Cataloging Published. By
Ruth C. Carter
ABSTRACT. The Editor of Cataloging & Classification Quarterly (CCQ) provides tips on getting research in cataloging and classification published. CCQ's referee's checklist is given as a guide to authors of the criteria used in evaluating manuscripts. Publishing provides an opportunity to disseminate new knowledge with colleagues around the world and also to preserve that knowledge as part of an historical record.
Research in Cataloging & Classification: Methods and
Issues-- A Selective,
Annotated Bibliography. By Martha O'Hara Conway
ABSTRACT. This selective bibliography, prepared for the June 1993 ALCTS CCS preconference on research in cataloging and classification, is intended for the librarian with little or no experience conducting research. Its aim is to acquaint the librarian with a "few good books" (and one article) on research methods and statistics; to offer selections "from the literature" that suggest potentially fruitful areas for research in cataloging and classification; and to assist the librarian in successfully communicating his or her findings to the library community.
BOOK AND SOFTWARE REVIEWS
Interfaces: Relationships Between Library Technical and Public Services,
by Sheila S. Intner. Reviewed by Carolynne Myall
Electronic Dewey, version 1.00. Reviewed by Michael Carpenter