EDITORIAL By Ruth C. Carter
The Cataloger's Workstation and the Continuing
Transformation of Cataloging, Part I. By Jeffrey Beall
ABSTRACT. Computer technology is currently undergoing rapid development. The cataloger's workstation will act as an important structuring concept in our implementation of this technology in cataloging departments. As this combination of more powerful computer hardware and software is introduced into cataloging production, a new phase in the transformation of cataloging to a fully electronic environment will take hold. Though they existed prior to the introduction of electronic catalogs, the principles of connectivity and coordination will come to play primary roles in the use of the cataloger's workstation. In looking both at its conceptual foundations (part I of this essay) and at details of its physical configuration (the focus of part II, to appear in the next issue of Cataloging and Classification Quarterly), the essay provides a general overview of the many facets that make up the cataloger's workstation.
What is a Work?: Part 3, The Anglo-American Cataloging
Codes, Continued. By Martha M. Yee
ABSTRACT. Anglo-American codes are examined to determine the implicit or acting concept of work in each, in order to trace the development of our current implicit concept of work, as embodies in AACR2R. The following conditions are examined, using comparison tables: 1) same work with different appendages (illustrated works, music with texts, texts with commentary and/or biographical/critical material, scholia); 2) separately published parts of a work produced by the exercise of several different functions; 3) appendages to a work published (commentaries without text, concordances, continuations, indexes, sequels, supplements); 4) change in title of a work. A trend away from the collocation of the editions of a work called for by the second objective of the catalog is identified. It is suggested that this tendency stems from failure to take advantage of newer technologies for building catalogs.
A Comparison of AACR2R and French Cataloging Rules. By
Neil A. Jacobowitz
SUMMARY. In light of the increasing availability and use of foreign MARC records, this article explores French cataloging rules in relation to AACR2R. After providing background on the French rules and discussing their formats, the article compares them with AACR2R in detail. All areas compared reveal noteworthy differences. The most significant ones are found in the rules for choice of access points, for uniform titles, and for reduced bibliographic description.
The Luiseño Culture Bank: Expanding the Canon. By
Catherine S. Herlihy and Fraser Cocks
SUMMARY. Librarians-- especially catalog librarians-- are the gatekeepers of knowledge. Today librarians are crucial in negotiating the interfaces between technology and cultural diversity. Projects such as the Luiseño Culture Bank indicate the possibilities opened up by the creative combination of existing techniques and new technologies; such combinations can ensure that libraries continue to provide wider access to wider audiences and a wider variety of sources of information. Libraries can play a role in enabling cultural projects quite far afield from those for which the Library of Congress classification system was originally created to support.
Ambiguities in the Use of Certain Library of Congress
Subject Headings for Form and Genre Access to Moving Image
Materials. By David Miller
ABSTRACT. Some Library of Congress Subject Headings have the potential to be used for either subject or form/genre access. A selection of LCSH, cognates with terms from Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms, was searched in OCLC's Online Union Catalog to determine the degrees to which they were used for each of these two types of access. It was discovered that the set of "subject headings" under study was used for form/genre access between 6% and 99% of the time, with a mean average of just over 50%. The guidance provided to catalogers by information contained in Library of Congress authority records is also discussed.
Letter to the Editor By Jim E. Cole