EDITORIAL By Ruth C. Carter
What is a Work?: Part 4, Cataloging Theorists and a
Definition Abstract. By Martha M. Yee
ABSTRACT. Definitions of work are extrapolated from the writings of cataloging theorists. A number of criteria used to define the concept of work are identified including criteria of creativity and/or single personal authorship, context, text or symbol strings, medium, identity and representation, and interchangeability, as well as the concept of work as product. The functions to be carried out by the ideal definition of work are listed. A definition is proposed.
Anglo-American Cataloging Rules in the Online Environment:
a Literature Review. By Rahmatollah Fattahi
ABSTRACT. As a standard set of rules, AACR2 has received much attention in the literature of descriptive cataloging. Despite this extensive literature, an important aspect of the code-- its relevance to the online environment-- has not received much attention, particularly in terms of empirical research. There is, however, a general criticism that AACR2, being based on manual systems, does not correspond effectively to the online environment. While advent of online catalogues has changed both the internal structure and the external appearance of library catalogues, a majority of writers consider that radical changes in the code are impossible and undesirable in the near future, owing to various factors, such as the incompatibilities of the MARC format to radical change, and the large size of existing catalogues created according to the current rules.
Improvisations in Cataloging of Theses and Dissertations. By
ABSTRACT. The existing subject heading lists and classification schemes are inadequate in dealing with narrow and current subjects of theses and dissertations. As a result, libraries find it both costly and time consuming to perform original and full cataloging of theses and dissertations. Many libraries have been forced to improvise on descriptive and subject cataloging to reduce processing cost. This article describes the improvisations of the KFUPM Library in cataloging local and foreign theses and dissertations.
Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction:
Participating in the OCLC/LC Fiction Project. By Nancy
ABSTRACT. This paper describes the OCLC/LC Fiction Project from the point of view of a cataloger participating in it. The four types of access to individual works of fiction are discussed-- form/genre, character(s), geographical setting, and topical. Issues involved in applying these headings to works (such as genre definitions, the nature of fiction, intertextuality, and the cataloger's subjectivity) are also considered in regard to the Project.
Dates in Added Entries: An Analysis of an Autocat
Discussion By David N. Nelson and Jonathan C. Marner
ABSTRACT. One of the purposes of the AUTOCAT listserv is to foster and promote discussions of cataloging problems and issues. In this article the authors summarize and comment on a discussion of twenty-four messages that dealt with the practice of adding dates to analytical added entries per RI 21.30M. The purpose of this article is to show that AUTOCAT discussions serve a very valuable role in presenting and articulating cataloging problems and solutions, and that having demonstrated the worthiness of AUTOCAT as a means of problem solving, a mechanism is proposed to formulate issues that arise and send them to appropriate bodies for resolution.
The Catalogers Workstation and the Continuing
Transformation of Cataloging: Part II. By Jeffrey Beall
ABSTRACT. While part I of this essay focused on the history, development, and conceptual foundations of the cataloger's workstation, part II will look at the technical details in its configuration. Minimum hardware specifications are given, and the ensemble of software running under Microsoft Windows is described. This includes the LAN, the Internet and the use of Trumpet 'Winsock' compliant software, electronic documentation (including a description of the Library of Congress's Cataloger's Desktop), and the use of e-mail clients. The essay hopes to demonstrate that the highly-integrated nature of this software running under Windows will lead to a significant enhancement of computing resources in cataloging departments.
How Green is Your Catalog?: Access to Environmental
Information. By Maria Anna Jankowska and Greta de Groat
ABSTRACT. Finding needed environmental information by the library users creates some difficulties. This paper evaluates Library of Congress subject headings related to a broad range of environmental topics. The evaluation is limited to entries found in the subject file of the WLN database. The article also presents recommendations and solutions to improve access to "green information."
Classification Workbook for Small Libraries: Using the Abridged Dewey Decimal Classification (Edition 12). By Sydney W. Davis. Reviewed by Alan R. Thomas
Technical Processing & Documentation Forum Series. Edited and published by Technical Processing Research Group (Japan). Reviewed by Sachii Noguchi