EDITORIAL By Ruth Carter
The Cataloging Laboratory: The Active Learning Theory
Applied to the Education of Catalogers. by Lisa Romero
ABSTRACT. The active learning theory as a teaching method applied to traditionally taught classes could be instrumental in producing a more productive learning environment for students. It provides a balance between theory and practice and requires that students be inquirers, creators and receivers of knowledge. Library education is one area which would profit from active learning due to the dual importance of theory and practice. Within library education, those courses whose knowledge is based around techniques and skills would benefit the most from the active learning concept. One of these courses is cataloging. The following article shows how a laboratory environment, based on the active learning theory, can be successful in teaching cataloging and thereby better prepare students to enter the work environment.
Le dépôt légal: Implications for Cataloging.
by Jeff Edmunds
ABSTRACT. Rules governing dates are one of the most complex, and yet one of the least discussed, aspects of descriptive cataloging. The pitfalls encountered by the cataloger are doubly treacherous in the case of French-language materials, which by law must bear dates of legal deposit (dépôt légal) in addition to any stated dates of publication and copyright. AACR2r does not explicitly address the issue of legal deposit and in this respect is an inadequate resource for the cataloger of French titles. This article attempts to rectify the inadequacy by examining the French dépôt légal and its implications for cataloging.
Cooperative and Contract Cataloging of Foreign-language
Materials in Academic and Resarch Libraries. by James S.
ABSTRACT. Many collections of foreign-language materials remain uncataloged because of the lack of catalogers proficient in the uncommon languages. Two-way and three-way cooperative exchanges and contractual arrangements among libraries are ways to obtain cataloging. Libraries willing to participate in cooperative exchanges must locate reciprocating partners. Those wanting a contractual arrangement must find other libraries willing to accept materials, offering the required language proficiency, and charging acceptable fees. Potential two-way and three-way cooperative exchanges and potential contractual arrangements between sending and receiving libraries are investigated. These modes of outsourcing cataloging to other libraries, although a partial solution, could substantially reduce the size of backlogs.
The Online Series Authority File at Hofstra University.
by Laurie Lopatin
ABSTRACT. In 1992, Hofstra University began a project to convert the manual series authority file to an online authority file. The project consisted of three stages. In the first stage, the online catalog was searched for series authority records downloaded into the database in 1987 when it was initially prepared for the online catalog. In the second stage, either OCLC series authority records or locally created records were transferred into the online catalog. The third stage, which is still ongoing, consists of editing series tracings in bibliographic records to conform to the series authority records. The article discusses the project's methodology and assesses its benefits.
A Study on the Chinese Romanization Standard in Libraries
by Suping Lu
ABSTRACT. Two major Chinese romanization systems are used in libraries: Wade-Giles and Pinyin. Due to structural defects and distorted pronunciation, Wade-Giles, the Chinese romanization standard in the North American library community, is beyond the knowledge of most library users. On the other hand, Pinyin, the international transliteration standard for Chinese, is as accurate in rendering standard Chinese pronunciation as it is popular with library users. Though the shift of the Chinese romanization standard from Wade-Giles to Pinyin appears to be a logical and reasonable choice, the conversion issue has been repeatedly raised and discussed, but has never materialized. In order to facilitate the implementation of the switch without delay, the issues must be clearly and widely understood so that the attending problems can be promptly resolved.
Classification: Its Kinds, Systems, Elements and Applications, by D. W. Langridge.
Colon Classification, 7th Edition: Some Perspectives. Edited by M. P. Satija, and
Theory of Knowledge Classification for Librarians, by Anand P. Srivastava assisted by M. P. Satija, R. Padmanabhan, Anil Srivastava.
Reviewed by Alan R. Thomas
The Classification of Fiction: The Development of a System
Based on Theoretical Principles, by Clare Beghtol.
Reviewed by Michael Carpenter
Elizabeth N. Steinhagen, News Editor