Forward. By Lois Mai Chan
Introduction. By Ling-yuh W. (Miko) Pattie and Bonnie Jean Cox
Selecting Electronic Resources: Developing a Local Decision-Making Matrix.
By Peggy Johnson (University of Minnesota Libraries)
SUMMARY. Selecting electronic resources requires both a policy statement to guide collection development and management and procedures to manage the process of selecting and handling these resources. Both policy and procedures must be crafted in response to local priorities, resources, limitations, and organizational structure. This paper examines issues that should be addressed when developing local procedures. Particular emphasis is given to preparing a mechanism to guide selection. One possible model - a decision-making matrix to guide selection between various media and modes of information delivery - is explored.
Intellectual Access to Digital Documents: Joining Proven Principles with New
Technologies. By Carol A. Mandel and Robert Wolven (both Columbia
SUMMARY. This paper considers the relevance of Charles Ami Cutter's principles of bibliographic access to the universe of Internet accessible digital objects and explores new methods for applying these principles in the context of new information technologies. The paper examines the value for retrieval of collocating authors' names, identifying authors' roles, collocating works and versions, and providing subject access through classification and controlled vocabularies for digital resources available through the World Wide Web. The authors identify emerging techniques and technologies that can be used in lieu of or as a supplement to traditional cataloging to achieve these functions in organizing access to Internet resources.
The authors wish to thank their colleagues David Millman, Stephen Davis, and especially Judith Klavans for their advice and comments during preparation of this paper.
Metadata for Internet Resources: The Dublin Core Metadata Elements Set and Its
Mapping to USMARC. By Priscilla Caplan (University of Chicago) and
Rebecca Guenther (Library of Congress)
SUMMARY. This paper discusses the goals and outcome of the OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop held March 1-3, 1995 in Dublin Ohio. The resulting proposed "Dublin Core" Metadata Elements Set is described briefly. An attempt is made to map the Dublin Core data elements to USMARC; problems and outstanding questions are noted.
Cataloging for Digital Libraries. By Judith M. Brugger
(Cornell University Library)
SUMMARY. Using grant finding, some prominent creators of digital libraries have promised users of networked resources certain kinds of access. Some of this access finds a ready-made vehicle in USMARC, some of it in the TEI header, some of it has yet to find the most appropriate vehicle. In its quest to provide access to what users need, the cataloging community can show leadership by exploring the strength inherent in a metadata-providing system like the TEI header.
Selection, Access, and Control in a Library of Electronic Texts.
By David M. Seaman (University of Virginia Library)
SUMMARY. The Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia has been mounting SGML full-text databases on-line since 1992, and actively building a user community around this Internet resource. Conceiving of what we do as firmly a library operation, we have sought to integrate the electronic text databases into the training, cataloging, preservation, and collection development areas of our library. Central to our selection criteria is the desire for software-and platform-independent text - if it's not SGML, it's ephemeral - and central to our cataloging endeavors is an SGML bibliographic record such as the Text Encoding Initiative header.
Control of Electronic Resources in Australia. By Giles
Martin (University of Newcastle, Australia)
SUMMARY. This article describes various ways that electronic resources on the Internet are being controlled in Australia, and in particular how various special networks and projects are linking users of information with documents, often using the World Wide Web. It also examines the implications for libraries and for cataloguers.
"Parallel Universes" or Meaningful Relationships: Envisioning a
Future for the OPAC and the Net. By Diane I. Hillmann
(Cornell University Library)
SUMMARY. Over the past year, innumerable discussions on the relationship between traditional library OPACs and the newly burgeoning World Wide Web have occurred in many libraries and in virtually every library related discussion list. Rumors and speculation abound, some insisting that SGML will replace USMARC "soon," others maintaining that OPACs that haven't migrated to the Web will go the way of the dinosaurs.
Electronic Theses and Dissertations: Merging Perspectives. By
Gail McMillan (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University)
SUMMARY. Theses and dissertations as electronic files transferred from the student author to the Graduate School to the Library may well be the first major source of electronic texts that many libraries encounter. To prepare for this potential influx of electronic texts, an ad hoc task force considered work flow and cataloging guidelines. The author suggests expanding current theses cataloging and taking advantage of online information prepared by authors so that the bibliographic records provide OPACs with much more valuable information than does traditional theses cataloging. This should not require a lot of extra work.
CATRIONA: A Distributed, Locally-Oriented, Z39.50 OPAC-Based Approach to
Cataloguing the Internet. By Dennis Nicholson (Strathclyde
University, Glasgow, Scotland) and Mary Steele (Research Assistant for the
SUMMARY. The aims of CATRIONA were: (1) to investigate the requirements for developing procedures and applications for cataloguing and retrieval of networked resources, and (2) to explore the feasibility of a collaborative project to develop such applications and procedures and integrate them with existing library systems. The project established that a distributed catalogue of networked resources integrated with standard Z39.50 library system OPAC interfaces with information on hard-copy resources is already a practical proposition at a basic level. At least one Z39.50 OPAC client can search remote Z39.50 OPACs, retrieve USMARC records with URLs in 856$u, load a viewer like Netscape, and use it to retrieve and display the remotely held electronic resource on the local workstation. A follow-up project on related issues is being finalized.
Possible Solutions for Incorporating Digital Information Mediums into
Traditional Library Cataloging Services. By Eric Lease Morgan (North
Carolina State University)
SUMMARY. This article first compares and contrasts the essential, fundamental differences between traditional and digital information mediums. It then reexamines the role of the online public access catalog (OPAC), refines the definition of a library's catalog, and advocates the addition of Internet resources within the OPAC. Next, the article describes the building of the Alex Catalog, a catalog of Internet resources in the form of MARC records. Finally, this article outlines a process of integrating the further inclusion of other Internet resources into OPACs as well as some of the obstacles such a process manifests.
Cataloging at the Library of Congress in the Digital Age. By
Beth Davis-Brown and David Williamson (both Library of Congress)
SUMMARY. The Library of Congress is participating in a number of initiatives to explore issues surrounding description and cataloging of digital materials. Additionally, programs have been written by LC staff which enable electronic enhancements in cataloging activities, such as the receipt of online information from publishers in the Electronic CIP Program. This paper is both an overview of the status of cataloging-related digital projects at LC and a description of software which facilitates productivity through the provision of advanced search capabilities and the elimination of repetitive keying.
The authors would like to thank John Byrum, Regina Reynolds, and Sarah Thomas for their review and comments on earlier drafts of this article.
Cataloging Internet Resources: The Convergence of Libraries and Internet
Resources. By Martin Dillon and Erik Jul (both OCLC)
SUMMARY. This paper reviews issues related to the cataloging of Internet resources and considers short- and long-term directions for cataloging and the general provision of library services for remotely accessible, electronic information resources. The strengths and weakness of using a library catalog model to improve access to Internet resources are discussed and compared with a review of related efforts. Based on experience gained through two OCLC Internet cataloging projects, the authors recommend continued and vigorous application of library cataloging standards and methods for Internet resources with the expectation that catalogs, cataloging, and libraries in general will continue to evolve.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the grant support of the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Library Programs.