EDITORIAL by Ruth C. Carter
Up-Ending Cutter's Pyramid: The Case for Making Subject References to Broader Terms.
By Alva T Stone
ABSTRACT. Subject access in library OPACs might be improved for some users by simply taking advantage of all of the heirarchical relationships which are indicated on existing LCSH entries. It is recommended that cross-references pointing to broader terms be displayed, in addition to those for narrower and related subjects to which users have traditionally been directed. The author traces the old practice back to Charles Cutter, and reports on deliberations of the ALCTS Subject Analysis Committee nearly 120 years later. Also discussed are certain practical concerns related to implementing the change, including the accuracy of hierarchical relationships in the LCSH system, and the possible technques for using the MARC format to generate cross-references.
The Concept of a Bibliographic Unit Introduced into the Newly Revised Edition of
Nippon Cataloging Rules, 1987 Edition and the Resultant Cataloguing Object. By
Tadayoshi Takawashi and Yasuo Iwashita
ABSTRACT. This paper has three aims. The first aim is to summarize some features of the newly revised (1994) edition of the Nippon Cataloging Rules, 1987 Edition (NCR1987R). The second aim is to argue affirmatively about the concept of a bibliographic unit introduced therein, from the sense that it clarifies what to catalog. The third aim is to propose a new idea of work so that the second objective of the catalog, as expressed in the Paris Principles, can function well even under NCR I987R which has abandoned the traditional notion of a work.
Exploring the Potential for Cooperative Cataloging of Chinese-Language Materials
on an International Basis: The Role of Library Automation in Taiwan. By Kuang-Hwei
ABSTRACT. The development of Chinese MARC and the Chinese Character Code for Information Interchange, the use of automation technology and the establishment of the national online bibliographic database (NBINet) have affected the cataloging processes in libraries in Taiwan. These innovations also have great implications on international cooperation in cataloging Chinese-language materials. This paper outlines the development and current status of library automation in Taiwan as they relate to cataloging, and it discusses the prospects for greater cooperation in the cataloging of Chinese language materials on the international level.
The Impact of AACR2 on Cataloging in Chinese Libraries. By Diao Weihan and Liu
ABSTRACT. This article provides a brief overview of the characteristics of catalog systems as well as the development of Western language material cataloging in Chinese libraries. On the basis of historical over-view and analysis, the authors discuss the impact of AACR2 on Chinese libraries and conclude that the Western language material cataloging in Chinese libraries belongs in the Anglo-American system. It is also suggested that a positive attitude should be taken by Chinese librarians on the research and development of AACR2 to suit the Chinese situation in order to achieve a good advanced step.
Outsourcing: Ready, Set, Go? A Cataloger's Perspective. By Shelby E. Harken
ABSTRACT Outsourcing in a rapidly evolving technological arena is causing discussion, with librarians taking one side or the other. Concerns by those familiar with problems that can occur with outsourcing and who see outsourcing as expensive are countered by those saying we can't afford not to outsource. To satisfy both sides, we need to have dependable, good quality records available to outsource, vendors and librarians able to really communicate their needs, and a way to acquire bibliographic records and processing relatively easily, at a reasonable price. What we need to avoid and what we need to do for successful outsourcing is outlined.
Comparison of Three Classification Systems for Information on Health Insurance. By
Lynn Silipigni Connaway and Mary Ellen C. Sievert
ABSTRACT. The application of three classification schemes, Library of Congress Classification, Dewey Decimal Classification and National Library of Medicine Classification systems were queried to determine the classification of materials on health insurance. Two hypotheses were examined. First, there would be no difference in the scatter of the three classification schemes. The second hypothesis was that where there was overlap between all three schemes there would be no difference in the classes into which the subject was placed. Results demonstrated that there was subject scatter in all three classification schemes and that there was little overlap between the three systems.
CATALOGING NEWS.By Elizabeth N. Steinhagen, News Editor
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