Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 26, Number 1  1998


Table of Contents

Single or multiple copies of these articles may be obtained on Informaworld

EDITORIAL by Ruth C. Carter

An Electronic Interface to AACR2By Mavis Molto (Westridge School for Girls) and Elaine Svenonius (Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles)
ABSTRACT.  The purpose of the project was to explore ways of reconfiguring AACR2 for use in an automated environment. A subset of AACR2 title proper rules for books was chosen for analysis. A functional classification of the rule subset was developed, based on the four facets: Source, Choice, Form, and Definition. The rules were also classified according to whether they were core or peripheral. A prototype electronic interface was then developed for searching and displaying the classified rules. The greatest problem in the rule reconfiguration stemmed from the structural problems of AACR2: rule groupings combining multiple subfacets under a single rule; rule redundancy; and rule scatter, between chapters, and between sections of chapters and appendices.

Khmer Personal names: Suggestions for Forms of Entry. By Sari Devi Suprapto and Martha J. Crowe (both Cornell University, Ithaca, NY)
ABSTRACT.  This paper addresses issues in the entry of Khmer names, for which there are currently no guidelines in AACR2. It includes a brief discussion of the character of Khmer personal names and proposes forms of entry, including
suggestions for accommodating the numerous royal and religious titles, which follow patterns of usage similar to those of Thai.

A New Subclass for Library of Congress Classification, QF: Computer Science, by Jian-zhong (Joe) Zhou (University of Delaware Library, joezhou@udel.edu )
ABSTRACT.  The field of computer science has been growing rapidly in the last 20 years. However, the Library of Congress (LC) classification only gives computer science a very limited space QA75--QA76, which is buried in the QA subclass for mathematics. Although LC call numbers for computer science may become very long, it is still impossible to differentiate a C programming book from a C++ programming book, or a data structure book using C language from an algorithm book in C language. This paper analyzes the historical reason for the current LC classification system for computer science. Compiling a sample data from Blackwell's North America's Approval Program Coverage and Cost Study, the paper calculates current and all possible subdivisions within Q class, and states that computer science has more books published in the last six years than in any other physical sciences, yet it takes only 2 out of 11,000 current subdivisions in LC class Q. The paper concludes by making a suggestion to create a completely new subclass QF for computer science.

The Item, the Work and the Object of Cataloging. By Eliane Serrão Alves Mey (School of Library and Information Science, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Paulo - Brazil)
Revision: The text has been kindly revised, for the English language, by Ms. Ariadne Chloe Furnival and I am very thankful to her.
ABSTRACT.  This article discusses some concepts of the object of cataloging and of the work. Cataloging is defined and viewed as a part of the communication process developed by library professionals to assist the various users of libraries. Cataloging comprises three parts, each of them with specific definition and functions. The use of main access points has led to misleading concepts of item and work. The work may be presented by the item in different manners. Cataloging has variables, which should establish the basis for it. Items and works are related through cataloging, as identified by bibliographical relationships. Cataloging must have some defined characteristics, for the better understanding of its connotative codes.

To Outsource or Not: University of Alabama Libraries Engage in Pilot Project with OCLC’s TechPro. By Debra W. Hill (
assistant professor and head, Monographs Unit, University of Alabama Libraries, dhill@gorgas.lib.ua.edu )
ABSTRACT. 
In the summer of 1996, the Monographs Cataloging Unit of the University of Alabama Libraries engaged in a pilot project with OCLC's TechPro to catalog the monographs in the Wade Hall Collection of Southern History and Culture. This collection, donated to the Libraries' Special Collections Department, included approximately 6,000 uncataloged monographic titles that were determined to be a cataloging priority. Reductions in cataloging staff, however, had left the department with resources for little more than remaining abreast of current receipts and routine maintenance. We, therefore, began to investigate ways to increase the efficiency and decrease the costs for cataloging the materials.  As many of the materials were popular titles with records already in OCLC, TechPro seemed to be a viable first choice as we considered outsourcing the cataloging of the collection. The article describes the pilot project, its objectives, procedures, and results--why we ultimately decided to catalog the materials in-house.

The author wishes to acknowledge Dr. Christine Thompson, Head of the Catalog Department, University of Alabama Libraries, from whose proposal for outsourcing the collection, I derived salary and other costing information and to thank Hugh Terry, Library Assistant, Special Collections, for supplying collection size statistics.

CATALOGING NEWS.   By Elizabeth N. Steinhagen, News Editor

BOOK REVIEWSBy Michael Carpenter, Book Review Editor

Outsourcing Library Technical Services Operations, edited by Karen A. Wilson and Marylou Colver
Reviewed by Robert C. Ward

Describing Music Materials: A Manual for Descriptive Cataloging of Printed and Recorded Music, Music Videos, and Archival Music Collections, for Use with AACR2 and APPM, by Richard Smiraglia. Third edition., rev. and enl., with the assistance of Taras Pavlovsky.
Reviewed by Lois Kuyper-Rushing


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