EDITORIAL By Ruth Carter
Time for Change:
A New Approach to Cataloguing Concepts.
By F. H. Ayres
Abstract. Three factors are likely to force dramatic changes in the libraries of the future. They are the increase in electronic publishing, the digitising of conventional library materials, and the Internet which is creating a second information revolution. New concepts are need for catalguing functions in the Internet environment. Cataloguing, now a pre-coordinate funcation should shift to a post-coordinate activity. Authority control should become an activity of the searching stage rather than the cataloguing stage. Union titles will be needed as one of the linking mechanisms. The value of ISBD needs to be justified. Issues connected with the internet and search engines are explored. A scenario for the Catalogue 2000 is given that includes the cataloguers aims being the inclusion of library catalogue material that is relevant but not necessarily in the library.
BOPAC2: a New Concept in OPAC Design and Bibliographic Control.
By F.H.Ayres, L.P.S.Nielsen, M.J.Ridley, Department of Computing University
Abstract. This paper describes a Research Project, funded by the British Library Research and Innovation Centre, from September 1996 to January 1998 . The Project developed and extensively tested and evaluated a World Wide Web front end called BOPAC2 that allows access to a number of library catalogues via Z39.50 either simultaneously or individually. BOPAC2 is designed to make access to large and complex retrievals simpler. Similar records are clustered together and retrievals may be sorted in a number of ways and by different criteria. The design, development and evaluation of the system are described along with suggestions for future work.
Subject Searching in Online Catalogs Including Spanish
and English Material. By
Filiberto Felipe Martinez Arellano
Abstract. The use of title words, the combination of these through the use of logic operators, and the possibility of truncating them when carrying out subject searches, are some of the search options that have been incorporated into the online catalog. Several arguments in favor of these options have been expressed which state that they represent an approach for the use of natural language and that they facilitate information retrieval. However, expressed arguments against them that support the necessity of using controlled language to obtain more precision in search results also exist. This paper reports the main results from a study whose objective was to compare advantages and disadvantages of retrieval by keywords from the title and by subject headings included in the records of LIBRUNAM, an online catalog containing records for English and Spanish items at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
Review and Prospect for Centralized Cataloging in China.
Doctoral student of the Department of Library and Information
Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China ( firstname.lastname@example.org)
Abstract. With a long history, cataloging has developed gradually in China. Nowadays, both the content and method of cataloging have changed in many ways. As a type of organizing cataloging model, centralized cataloging came into being in 1936 in China. The history and the current status of centralized cataloging in China are described in the paper. The prospect for cataloging in the country is also discussed. In respect to resource building and sharing, cooperative cataloging is thought to be the best way to develop cataloging in the future.
Indexing Form and Genre Terms in a Large
Academic OPAC: the Harvard
The Art of Classification:
Alternate Classification Systems in Art Libraries.
Roberto C. Ferrari
BOOK REVIEWS. By
Michael Carpenter, Reviews
Book Review Editorís Notes
on the Principles and Future Development of AACR (1997 : Toronto, Ontario,
Canada). The Principles and Future of AACR : Proceedings of the International
conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR, Jean Weihs,
Reviewed by J. McRee Elrod