CCQ Interview. Carolynne Myall, Editor
Leaders of Bibliographic Control —The Chilean Experience: Maria Teresa Sanz Briso-Montiano and Soledad Fernández-Corugedo.
By Elizabeth N. Steinhagen
Abstract. Two interviews provided the basis for this examination of the careers and contributions of Maria Teresa Sanz Briso-Montiano and Soledad Fernández-Corugedo, major figures in the development of bibliographic control in Chile. Sanz was instrumental in introducing the use of international cataloging standards; as Coordinator at the Biblioteca nacional de Chile, she reorganized technical services, promoted the use of automated library systems, and set the stage for development of a shared network. Fernández is the current coordinator of this netword, Red Nacional de Información Bibliográfíca (RENIB). significantly changing the practice of cataloging in Chile, Fernández and her staff have worked through RENIB to integrate libraries into a cooperative network, introduce standards into library processes, and create union catalogs.
Faceted Subject Access for Music Through USMARC: A Case for Linked Fields. By Jerry L. McBride
Abstract. The USMARC Format for Bibliographic Description contains three fields (045, 047, and 048) designed to facilitate subject access to music materials. The fields cover three of the main aspects of subject description for music: date of composition, form or genre, and number of instruments or voices, respectively. The codes are rarely used for subject access, because of the difficulty of coding them and because false drops would result in retrieval of bibliographic records where more than one musical work is present, a situation that occurs frequently with sound recordings. It is proposed that the values of the fields be converted to natural language and that subfield 8 be used to link all access fields in a bibliographic record for greater precision in retrieval. This proposal has implications beyond music cataloging, especially for metadata and any bibliographic records describing materials containing many works and subjects.
Library of Congress’ Class L: Education, Table L7: An Expansion for Local Use. By Judith M. Shelton
Abstract. Table L7 provides ranges of Cutter numbers, with no directions for the allocation of the numbers within the ranges. For an extensive collection such as a library might assemble of its parent institution’s output, more guidance is needed. Between normal institutional changes and multiple catalogers of varying degrees of expertise, the chances of maintaining a logical shelf arrangement over time become vanishingly small. This case study describes the problem that developed as the table was applied to the institutional publications of Georgia State University, and proposes an explicit expansion of Table L7 for local use as a solution. With suitable adaptations to accommodate their specific administrative and academic divisions, this expansion of Table L7 could be helpful to other “one-number institutions” using both Table L7 and Table L13.
Better Service Through Flexible Rules: Cataloging a Collection of Annual Reports In a Most Un-CONSER-like Manner. By Joseph C. Harmon and
Brenda L. Burk
Abstract: University Library at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) acquired a large and unique collection of foundation annual reports. It was decided that cataloging them as serials, with the attendant problems of successive entry maintenance and access, was not acceptable. The reports for each foundation were treated as a collection with a unifying, made-up main title and updateable holdings (245 $f). The concept of main entry was retained, but the actual entry changes when the foundation name changes. The authors conclude with a call to make rules 21.3B1 and 21.2C1 optional.
SUMMARY. Many Chinese persons active in different languages have redundant or inappropriate name headings in databases. This paper invents a “Sheep-Fox Method” visually describing various forms of Chinese persons’ names in different languages and in transliteration, conceptually and factually clarifying complicated relations between the names, name forms, and gives typical examples to indicate appropriate choices in bibliography practice. It also suggests improvements for the practice. The paper discusses matters in Chinese persons’ names, but its understanding of the matters, its method could be universally applied to persons’ names of other peoples in languages of different scripts in general as well.
Sandra K. Roe, Editor