CATALOGING AUDIOVISUAL FORMATS (cont’)
Artefacts and Realia. By Nancy B.
Abstract. "Cataloging Three-Dimensional Artefacts and Realia" assumes users have a basic knowledge of descriptive cataloging using the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, second edition (AACR2), and the MARC 21 bibliographic format. This article focuses on chapter 10 of AACR2 and the special problems of cataloging materials such as games, toys, models and dioramas, realia, and three-dimensional art originals and reproductions. Some complete and some partial bibliographic records for these types of material are included.
Keywords. Cataloging of realia, cataloging of models, cataloging of toys, cataloging of games, MARC format; descriptive cataloging -- rules; Anglo-American cataloguing rules
Cataloging Kits. By Nancy B. Olson
Abstract. The major problem in cataloging kits is that of identifying what is actually a kit according to AACR2 -- this problem is discussed, with examples given. The rules themselves are discussed and examples of kits are included. Sections also discuss processing these materials for circulation, weeding and preservation, and the future of kits.
Keywords. Cataloging of kits, Descriptive cataloging – rules, MARC format, Anglo-American cataloguing rules
HISTORY OF AUDIOVISUAL CATALOGING
A Somewhat Personal History of
Nonbook Cataloguing. By Jean
Abstract. Much of this history discusses the personal experience and recollections of the author, who since 1967 has been involved in the development of rules for nonbook cataloguing as an author of one of the works on which the AACR rules for nonbook materials are based, as a member of many cataloguing committees, and as chair of the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR. Opposing points of view are described and reasons for actions taken are outlined.
Keywords. Nonbook cataloguing, nonbook materials, nonprint cataloguing, nonprint materials, audiovisual cataloguing, audiovisual materials, cataloguing, descriptive cataloguing, Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, JSC, media form subdivisions, media designations, general material designations, main entry
SUBJECT ACCESS ISSUES
The Thesaurus for Graphic
Materials: Its History, Use, and Future. By Arden Alexander & Tracy Meehleib
Abstract. The Library of Congress' Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM) is one of the major thesauri used for indexing visual materials. Developed by the Prints and Photographs Division (P&P) in the 1980s, the thesaurus has become an essential tool for numerous libraries, archives, and historical societies that catalog images, in the United States and abroad. This article will trace the history, development, and current use of TGM in P&P and other institutions, and take a look at its future, addressing subject indexing guidelines and principles along the way.
Keywords. Visual materials cataloging, subject cataloging, subject indexing, image retrieval, thesaurus/thesauri, Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM), image cataloging, picture cataloging, photographs, prints
Providing Better Subject Access to Nonprint Fire Emergency
Materials for Illinois Firefighters.
By Lian Ruan
Abstract. The Illinois Fire Service Institute Library (FSI Library) has the most comprehensive and popular nonprint fire emergency collection in Illinois. Besides providing descriptive cataloging for nonprint materials, the Library assigns in-depth subject terms and modified Library of Congress Classification to the catalog records. The Library began a project in August 1999 to map the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) from the National Library of Medicine, and other fire vocabulary systems. The project developers created FireTalk, a new FSI thesaurus with a mix of LCSH, MeSH terms (identified as such), plus more specific fire science terms. FireTalk is used with the Library's Online Public Access Catalog at the Institute's web site to enhance retrieval of relevant bibliographic citations and facilitate multiple database searching.
Keywords: Subject access, nonprint fire emergency materials, Outreach Program, firefighters (Illinois), FireTalk, FSI thesaurus
Two Genre Lists for Moving Image and
Broadcast Materials: A Comparison. By Martha
Abstract. The Moving Image Genre-Form Guide and Library of Congress Subject Headings are compared as sources of genre or form terms for moving image and broadcast materials. Based on the findings of this comparison, it is recommended that any library, media collection or archive that uses LCSH for the provision of topical subject access to moving images and broadcast materials strongly consider using LCSH for genre and form access to moving images and broadcast materials as well. A number of recommendations are made for improving LCSH as a tool for form and genre access to moving image materials and an exhaustive list of LCSH terms which are examples of a form or genre is appended.
Keywords. Genre headings for motion pictures, genre headings for radio programs, genre headings for television programs, cataloging of motion pictures, cataloging of television programs, cataloging of radio programs, subject headings—motion pictures, subject headings—radio programs, subject headings—television programs, motion pictures—terminology, radio broadcasting—terminology, television broadcasting—terminology
AV & AV USER GROUPS BY LIBRARY TYPES
Scholars and Media: An Unmixable
Mess of Oil and Water or a Perfect Meld of Oil and Vinegar? By Sheila S. Intner
Abstract. Reviews the setting in which nonprint materials collections have been housed and used, namely, the academy, and its traditions of collecting these materials. Compares older data on the state of non-electronic nonprint media collections in academic libraries with more recent reports and freshly-collected data obtained in 2000 at the Eighth Biennial Conference of Online Audiovisual Catalogers, to see if any trends are discernible. Then, superimposes findings from a review of recent literature on the impact of the Internet on collection development and interprets what it indicates about the collection of electronic resources. Finds that traditional nonprint materials have not gained an important share of collections while newer electronic resources have achieved an important collection share in just a few years, and it is increasing. The developments facilitate the work of the institution and confer a positive value on librarians doing the job. Attention to materials in older forms of nonprint media continues to shrink as some become obsolete and others are digitized, crossing over into the world of electronic resources. If the trend to digitize traditional nonprint materials continues, it should have a positive effect on the accessibility and potential use of all media by scholars and teachers alike.
Keywords. Audiovisual materials, library collections, academic libraries, nonprint media
User-Friendly Audiovisual Material
Cataloging at Westchester County Public Library System. By Heeja Chung
Abstract. This article describes Westchester Library System's (WLS) efforts to create a user-friendly online catalog for audiovisual materials for the patrons of Westchester County's public libraries by applying local cataloging practices when necessary while adhering to national standards as much as possible.
Keywords. Public library, local cataloging practices, Westchester Library System, audiovisual material cataloging, General material designations (GMD), container title, call numbers, subject headings, video cataloging, online catalog, OPAC
Cataloging AV in School Libraries. By Scott Piepenburg
Abstract. School libraries face many unique needs for the cataloging of audiovisual materials. Searchers are relatively inexperienced, some being exposed to an online system for the first time. Librarians who create the records for these users frequently wear many hats, including bibliographic instruction, acquisitions, and management leader. Cataloging is often only one piece of their responsibilities. The users grown in school libraries will depend on the skills imparted to them by a librarian as they progress through the socio-educational system and go on to use public libraries, academic and research facilities, and corporate libraries. The skills they obtain here -- knowledge of how an automated system works and how information can be mined from it --serve as a foundation for life-long learning.
Keywords: School libraries, audiovisual cataloging, school library automation, online catalogs
Non-Print Media at the National
Library of Medicine. By Diane L. Boehr &
Meredith L. Horan
Abstract. The National Library of Medicine has maintained a leadership role in the promotion of audiovisual formats for many years. An overview of the development of producing, collecting, and cataloging non-print material at NLM is provided, along with an examination of NLM current cataloging practices.
Keywords: Cataloging practices, audiovisuals, collection development, AVLINE, media, historical films, national libraries