by Carolynne Myall, Interviews Editor
An Interview with Michael Kaplan, led by Martin D. Joachim
Michael Kaplan discusses his academic library career
at Harvard University and Indiana University and his current position at Ex
Libris. Topics include the
following: individuals who have influenced his career, as well as those who have
made significant contributions to technical services librarianship; the Program
for Cooperative Cataloging; technical services workstations; library-vendor
relations, and Kaplan's plans to use what he has learned as an academic
librarian in his new role as a vendor; attempts to harness the World Wide Web;
bibliographic control of aggregated databases; the problems of thousands of
uncataloged items in the nation’s libraries; and the future of cataloging and
Keywords: Michael Kaplan, technical services, Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC), library-vendor relations, aggregated databases, uncataloged items
Dynamic Caribbean: a Challenge for the Library of Congress. By Aimee
The Caribbean, since its discovery by Spain, has been a dynamic
economic, political, and geographical environment This is due, in the main, to
the European powers who settled the area, and to the recent clamor of the
Caribbean peoples for independence. Changes in domination resulted in differing
nomenclautre and regional boundaries. This article analyzes these discrepancies
and relates them to the Library of Congress classification schedules and to
headings in the Library of Congress authority file. It is clear that the
schedules and headings are in need of revision.
Keywords: Caribbean, Nomenclature, Geographic Headings, West Indies
Catalog Syndrome: Title Page Transcription as a Barrier to Retrieval.
By J. H.
the problem of errors in the chief source of information and their transcription
into catalog records. A survey of 80 different OPACs was undertaken, looking at
the occurrence of “sic” and “i.e.” in titles and the position of the
errors within the titles. The various usages of “sic” and “i.e.” are
categorized and described; these range from those where the error is obvious to
some where there seems to be no error at all. Some seem to be clear misuses,
particularly the common system of using additions in square brackets to spell
out numerals, and in some cases the cataloger goes beyond what is required.
Concludes with recommendations for improvement in retrieval.
Keywords: inaccuracies in title-page, title-page transcription, catalogers’ interpolations
Advantage of Outsourcing Options: Using Purchased Records Sets to Maximize
have downloaded records created by other institutions from bibliographic
utilities for many years, but purchasing record sets is often a controversial
topic in technical services. However, as fewer staff are expected to manage a
rapidly growing number of increasingly complex information resources, technical
services departments are called upon to identify their core competencies and
delegate operations that fall outside those areas to others. This paper examines
the costs and benefits associated with the purchase and loading of record sets.
It also establishes criteria for determining when record sets should be
considered as an alternative to traditional cataloging.
sets, outsourcing, bulk record loading
Authority Control at El Colegio de Mexico’s Library: The Whats and Hows of a
Project. By Reynaldo D. Figueroa-Servin and Berta Enciso
This paper describes the efforts
at the Daniel Cosio Villegas Library of Colegio de Mexico (Mexico) to create a
Spanish language authority file on its ALEPH online system.
To date, the authorities team, composed of about ten librarians have
created over 10,000 name authorities, and close to 4,000 subject authorities in
MARC format, closely following the structure of LCSH records.
For the subject authority file, it was decided to establish three levels
of description, all of which include the LCSH English term.
In order to establish the term in Spanish, seven official sources have
been used, with Bilindex (1984) having the highest usage, closely followed by
the subject headings list developed by Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
Cientificas (CSIC) of Spain. As the
first Mexican NACO/SACO participants, librarians at the Colegio de Mexico
Library also have received training by personnel from the Library of Congress in
the creation and validation of subject headings.
file creation; automation of authority records; Spanish language authority files
and MARC: Which is “Right?” By Bruce Chr.
Abstract. This article explores recent discussions about appropriate
mark-up conventions for library information intended to for use on the world
wide web. In particular, the question of whether the MARC 21 format will
continue to be useful and whether the time is right for a full-fledged
conversion effort to XML is explored. The author concludes that the MARC format
will be relevant well into the future, and its use will not hamper access to
bibliographic information via the web. Early XML exploratory efforts carried out
at the Stanford University’s Lane Medical Library are reported on. Although
these efforts are a promising start, much more consultation and investigation is
needed to arrive at broadly acceptable standards for XML library information
encoding and retrieval.
XML, MARC, information, standards, web
Sandra K. Roe, Editor