Cataloging & Classification Quarterly
Volume 32 Number 2, 2001
EDITORIAL / by Ruth C. Carter
Carolynne Myall, Interviews Editor
An Interview with Karen Drabenstott
by Robert P. Holley
ABSTRACT: In an interview with Robert P. Holley, Karen M. Drabenstott provides a history of a professional career that has focused on subject access to information. Since her early work with Pauline Cochrane, she has strongly supported enhanced bibliographic records as a way to improve user access in the online catalog. Her Dewey Decimal Classification Online project showed that the classification offers increased subject retrieval. Her current projects include improved strategies for Web searching and multimedia literacy including subject access.
KEYWORDS. Karen M. Drabenstott, online searching, subject access, classification, multimedia, OCLC
Lyn Condron, Cecilia Piccolo Tittemore, editors, ERC
Report on the Library of Congress Conference on Bibliographic Control for the New Millennium: Confronting the Challenges of Networked Resources and the Web, Held Nov. 15-17, 2000, in Washington, DC
by Ann M. Sandberg-Fox
Authority Control Simply Does Not Work
by F. H. Ayres
ABSTRACT: Demonstrates through case studies how authority control simply does not work. Shows how the case studies were carried out using BOPAC2 which provides facility for downloading large files and a greater range of displays than normal OPACs. Stresses that authority control is important not only to library catalogues but also to information on the Internet. Because it is so important and because it is so expensive priority action is needed to rectify the situation. Suggests a number of ways in which this might be done.
Keywords: Authority control, OPACs, BOPAC2, Internet, Bibliographic control, Cross references
Standardization, Objectivity, and User Focus: A Meta-Analysis of Subject Access
by Hope A. Olson, Rose Schlegl
ABSTRACT: Critiques of subject access standards in LIS literature have addressed biases of gender, sexuality, race, age, ability, ethnicity, language and religion as limits to the representation of diversity and to effective library service for diverse populations. The current study identifies and analyzes this literature as a basis for ameliorating systemic bias and to gather the existing literature for wider accessibility. The study analyzes five quantitative variables: standards discussed, categories of problems, marginalized groups and topics discussed, date, and basis of conclusions (research or experience). Textual analysis reveals that basic tenets of subject access - user-focused cataloguing, objectivity, and standardization - are problematized in the literature and may be the best starting point for future research. In practice, librarians can work to counteract systemic problems in the careful and equitable application of standards and their adaptation to local contexts.
Keywords: classification, subject headings, bias, subject access
Analytical Cataloging of Full-Text Journal Databases at a Middle East University
by Zahiruddin Khurshid
ABSTRACT: With the availability of full-text journals in CD-ROM and aggregator databases, libraries need to provide bibliographic and online access to these titles through the OPAC. The article reviews the experience of the King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals Library in providing analytical cataloging to the journal-title level of full-text CD-ROM databases, including Business Periodicals Ondisc (BPO), IEEE/IEE Electronic Library (IEL), Applied Science & Technology Plus (AS&TP), and Readers' Guide Abstracts (RGA).
KEYWORDS. Analytical Cataloging, Full-Text Journals, CD-ROM Databases, Electronic Journals, KFUPM
Music Subject Cataloging and Form/Genre Implementation at the Library of Congress
by Geraldine Ostrove
ABSTRACT: Form and genre data describing what library materials are, as distinct from topical data for what they are about, has now been specifically provided for in the MARC authority and bibliographic formats. While the Library of Congress Subject Headings list (LCSH) has always had vocabulary for forms and genres, now, at the request of the library community, the Library of Congress (LC) has begun planning to implement the separate treatment of form and genre data in its subject cataloging. Creation of subdivision authority records, including those for form subdivisions, is the first step. Since the 1940s, the controlled vocabulary for subject cataloging in the field of music has been LCSH, where there are thousands of form and genre headings for musical works. Thus, in attempting to answer the many questions that arise as LC faces form/genre implementation, music provides a particularly suitable discipline through which to explore the options. Questions touch on conceptual issues, content of authority records, topical uses of form headings, how to deal with the varied syntax of LC subject headings, syndetic structure, vocabulary choices, and how best to exploit the complexities of MARC coding. Yet to be addressed are OPAC displays, as user interfaces are largely beyond the scope of the cataloging considerations under discussion.
KEY WORDS: LCSH; music subject cataloging; MARC format; form/genre implementation, Library of Congress
Linguistics and Information Processing: Provision of Syntactic and Semantic Consistency in the Language of Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Pertaining to Literature and Librarianship: A Comparative Analysis
by Josephine I. Iwe
ABSTRACT: The syntactic and semantic consistency of the subject headings of Library of Congress is a matter of concern to cataloguers who must use appropriate terminologies to describe library materials undergoing processing. This paper look at the structure of these headings by analyzing comparatively the syntactic types that make up the structures as listed in Literature and Librarianship on pages 3075 to 3085 and 3114 to 3117 respectively. Their semantic implications are also highlighted. Consistency and specificity are terms often used in criticizing LCSH. This paper examines the application of these two concepts on the structures believing that a thorough understanding of the syntactic types would help the cataloguer to determine the most appropriate and specific heading to use.
Keywords. LCSH, linguistics, subject headings, semantics
Management by Action: How We're Embracing New Cataloging Work at Tufts
by Lyn Condron
ABSTRACT: Preparing for new cataloging such as metadata beyond MARC and thesauri beyond LCSH, is an exciting and daunting challenge for university libraries. Advancing technologies, as well as a growing demand for quality information with rapid access is fueling the need for technical services departments to restructure their work to accommodate the evolving world of information management. Catalogers who have been following the same procedures and practices for many years may find this change particularly difficult. Team leaders are often faced with breaking through skepticism and resistance to this new work in order to enable necessary progress. We found that discussions and gradual introduction of new directions is important to acceptance by team members. However, just as important is the implementation of an action plan to ensure that progress is ongoing. Reengineering Acquisitions and Cataloging into Current Processes and Information Management Initiatives, along with forming several focus groups to investigate and evaluate cataloging work, is proving successful for embracing new cataloging at Tufts University.
KEYWORDS: management, supervising, catalogers, professionals, teams, restructuring, reengineering, technical services, cataloging, acquisitions
Sandra K. Roe, News Editor