Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

 

Volume 33, no. 3-4, 2002

 

 


WORKS AS ENTITIES FOR INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

Richard P. Smiraglia, editor

Further Reflections on The Nature of A Work: Introduction

The purpose of this volume is to extend our understanding of the work entity and its role in information retrieval. Basic definitions are reviewed to provide a summary of current thought about works, their role in the catalog, and the potential for better accommodating them in future information retrieval environments. A discussion of entities for information retrieval and works as entities follows. Research in knowledge organization is summarized, indicating ways in which ontology, epistemology, and semiotics have lately been used as looking glasses through which to view the social informational roles of works. KEYWORDS: Works, Entities, Information Retrieval.


Articles

Transforming Catalog Displays: Record Clustering for Works of Fiction

by Allyson Carlyle and Joel Summerlin

Abstract: Displays grouping retrieved bibliographic record sets into categories or clusters may communicate search results more quickly and effectively to users than current catalog displays providing long alphabetical lists of records. Bibliographic records associated with three large fiction works are analyzed to discover the presence of relationship-type indicators. Preliminary results show that 94% of the records in this study contained indicators of cluster type that would allow them to be correctly identified automatically. However, the clusters formed by the relationship types used here are of unequal size. Because of this, it is suggested that alternative strategies be investigated for their potential to create more useful clustered displays. Keywords:  online catalog design, clusters, automatic clustering, known items, works, bibliographic relationships

Modeling Videos as Works

by James Turner and Abby Goodrum 

Abstract: Defining works is complex, but defining video works is extremely complex because of the large number of instantiations available and because of the intricate relationships among them. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 and other important news events offer rich examples of the complexity of the problem and help us gain an understanding of how managing video news material can be modelled. The need for a taxonomy of some of the instantiations of material that need to be managed in the context of a news video library is identified. KEYWORDS: Video works, information retrieval

The Bibliographic Record as Text

by Jack Andersen

Abstract: Conceptualizing the bibliographic record as text implies that it needs to be treated as such in order to fully exploit its function in information retrieval activities, which affects how access to works can be achieved. A theoretical framework is outlined, including methodological consequences in terms of how to go about teaching students of knowledge organization and users of information retrieval systems the literate activity of using the bibliographic record as a text. For knowledge organization research this implies that providing access to texts and the works they embody is not a technical matter, but rather a literate issue. KEYWORDS: Bibliographic record, Paratext, Information retrieval, Knowledge organization.

Introduction To A Semiotic Of Scientific Meaning, And Its Implications For Access To Scientific Works On The Web

by Francis Morrissey

Abstract: Formal scientific communication is constituted by the documentation and dissemination of concepts through scientific works of accepted genre. Using analysis based on Pierce's ten semiotic triads and Eco's connotative semiotics, a scientific work can be identified as a trivalent compound connotative semiotic. It is concluded that a subject approach to document identification and retrieval may be based on document metadata, subject indexing, documentary surrogates, document full-text, the faceted indexes of XML Topic Maps, the graphics of Kohonen Self Organized Maps, and citation histories presented as mappings of co-citation clusters. Any and all of these approaches may relate to any or all of the three classes of knowledge content outlined above as being characteristic of a scientific work. Numerical analysis by neural networks of any of these characteristics of a document could lead to production of a "fingerprint" identifying the document and specifying its knowledge content. KEYWORDS. Scientific knowledge, semiotics, connotative semiotics, works, information mappings, knowledge representation, knowledge visualization, subject analysis, epistemology, ontology.

Lucy is Enceinte: The Power of an Action in Defining a Work

by Andrea Leigh 

Abstract: Although performed works are defined based on their collaborative nature and rules for mixed responsibility in AACR2R, descriptive practices are vague when applied to the cataloging of a television series-a type of performed work. Is the umbrella title identical as the title expressed in a bibliographic series? Or is it the collective title of the work and each episode a part? A key factor in this decision is in understanding how performed works are distinct from textual works. By highlighting the seminal television situation comedy I Love Lucy as an example, it is argued that a textual approach provides an incomplete methodology for the retrieval of the component parts of a television series. Descriptive areas in AACR2R are explored, particularly issues related to seriality, whole-part relationships, and the use of work identifiers in the collocation of episodes.

Scientific Models as Works

by Anita S. Coleman

Abstract: This paper is about important artifacts of scientific research, namely models. I propose that the representations of scientific models be treated as works. Bibliographic families of models may better reflect disciplinary intellectual structures and relationships, thereby providing information retrieval that is reflective of human information seeking and use purposes such as teaching and learning. Two examples of scientific models are presented using the Dublin Core metadata elements. KEYWORDS: Cataloging, Indexing, Scientific models, Information retrieval, Dublin Core metadata

Works and digital resources in the catalog : electronic versions of Book of Urizen, The Kelmscott Chaucer and Robinson Crusoe

by Ann Copeland 

Abstract: The author addresses issues regarding the cataloging of digital manifestations of works. The problem of how to catalog digitized rare books and electronic texts to facilitate access to works while distinguishing editions is discussed. Using digital versions of Blake's Book of Urizen, The Kelmscott Chaucer and Robinson Crusoe as examples, the article focuses on the way current cataloging aids or hinders access to works. Specific problems include: the non-uniform use of uniform titles; varying application of the Library of Congress Rule Interpretation (1.11A) concerning electronic reproductions; the lack of analysis at the work level in digital projects. Keywords: works; cataloging of digital resources; digital reproductions; electronic resources; rare books.

Cartographic Materials as Works

by Scott McEathron 

Abstract: The methods cartographers and publishers have used to compile and distribute maps in the past are central to historians of cartography in their thinking and documentation of them as works.  This article presents case studies that describe the nature and characteristics of three works wherein the primary manifestations are cartographic.  The cases are mapped into an entity-relationship model and include Ptolemy's Geographia, Martini's Novus Atlas Sinensis and Bailey's Ecoregions of the United States.  Consideration is made of the implications of using cartographic works as entities for information retrieval. KEYWORDS.  Maps, Atlases, Works, Bibliographic Control

Composite Multimedia Works On CD: Catalogue Entry According To ISBD (ER) And AACR-2 Revision 1998

by K. S. Raghavan and A. Neelameghan 

Abstract: Gives operational definitions of work, associated work, composite work and other selected terms. Mentions the challenges posed by the abundant availability of digital resources in different media, forms and formats to catalogers in particular and information professionals in general. Discusses with examples the applicability and adequacy of the rules and prescriptions of ISBD(ER) and AACR2, 1998 rev. for cataloging multimedia resources on CD, in view of the fact that the record medium, the  physical form and format affect the effectiveness of accessing, retrieval and use of a work.

Providing Access to Collected Works

by Kizer Walker and Barbara Kwasnik

Abstract: How are the boundaries of information objects to be defined in the networked electronic environment and what is the role of our retrieval systems in providing access where these boundaries are uncertain? The authors consider these questions in light of longstanding problems surrounding the definition of the "work" in the print environment. In particular, they examine the role of the index in providing access to the collected works of the individual writer. They review the discussion in the indexing literature of the "long index," and the close relationship between the functions of indexer and editor in collected works projects. And they treat the role of the index in constituting as a self-contained corpus the disparate types of text that make up a writer's lifetime output. Finally, by way of example, the authors turn to the extensive indexes to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic writings.

"Bridget's Revelationes, Ockham's Tractatus, and Doctrines an d Covenanants: Qualitative Analysis and Epistemological Perspectives on Theological Works"

by Richard P. Smiraglia 

Abstract: Random samples of works were drawn from the catalogs of the Bobst Library, New York University, and the Burke Library, Union Theological Seminary, New York. Results indicated: 1) derivative bibliographic relationships existed for somewhere between one-half and two-thirds of theological works; 2) there was a positive correlation between the age of the progenitor work and the extent of derivation; and, 3) forms and genres were useful in a limited way for predicting the incidence of derivative relationships in theological literature. Qualitative analysis reveals the important aspects of the genres "revelation" and "scripture" among theological works. KEYWORDS: Works, Theological works, Bibliographic families, Derivative bibliographic relationships

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