Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 36, no. 2, 2003





EDITORIAL / by Ruth C. Carter


CCQ INTERVIEW /  Carolynne Myall, Interviews Editor


An Interview with Sara Shatford Layne

Mary S. Woodley


ABSTRACT.  Sara Shatford Layne discusses her career in cataloging and her work in several areas of cataloging theory.  Topics covered include the intellectual attractions of cataloging, seriality and the serial “work,” development of revised Chapter 12 of AACR, subject access to visual images, OPAC design, and cataloging education. 


KEYWORDS.  Sara Shatford Layne, cataloging theory, serials cataloging, visual image cataloging, subject access, AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules), Index of Medieval Medical Images, Online Public Access Catalogs (OPACs)


ERC—Electronic Resources for Catalogers: …Or Perhaps MARC Can be Reborn

Lyn Condron, Cecilia Piccolo Tittemore



Michael Carpenter, Reviews Editor


Archives, Libraries and Museums Convergence Archives, Bibliothèques et Museés: The 24th Library Systems Seminar, Paris, 12-14 April 2000

Reviewed by Robert P. Holley


Revue de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France, no 9 (2001)

Reviewed by Michael Carpenter



Sandra K. Roe, News Editor




Comparing and Evaluating Corporate Names in the National Authority File (LC NAF) on OCLC and on the Web

by Qiang Jin


Abstract: This paper compares one hundred corporate names listed in the National Authority File (LC NAF) on OCLC with the corporate names listed on official corporate web pages collected between October 1st and November 30th, 2001 in order to understand and evaluate their differences. Twenty five percent of corporate names found in the National Authority File are different from the form of corporate names found on official corporate web pages in this study. This creates a concern that users may not be finding everything issued by corporate bodies in library catalogs. Which form of corporate names should catalogers use as the authorized headings?

KEYWORDS. Corporate names, AACR2R, National Authority File (LC NAF), OCLC, the Web


Classification of a Classical Studies Library in Greece and the Changing Nature of Classical Scholarship in the Twentieth Century

by Camilla MacKay


Abstract: The Carl W. Blegen Library of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens contains one of the most comprehensive collections of books on classical philology and the archaeology of Greece and the eastern Mediterranean.  Early in its history, an amateur librarian, Theodore Woolsey Heermance, created an independent, highly detailed classification system, which encompassed classical studies in all its facets.  His system is still used in the Blegen Library today.  However, the discipline of classics has changed considerably, especially in the last couple of decades, and while the breadth of Heermance’s system (and, indeed, Heermance’s foresight) is such that monographs in all areas of classical studies can be accommodated, the system as a whole also serves a unique document of classical scholarship a century ago.  Moreover, because the letter designations have not changed since 1903, it is possible to track trends in scholarship and publication within fairly narrow subject headings.  This article addresses not only Heermance’s impressive classification system, but also the means by which this static classification system can be used to draw conclusions about the state of classical scholarship and the humanities in general in the twentieth century. Keywords:  Classification, classical studies libraries, classical archaeology, classical scholarship


Literature Classification Schemes at two west Australian university libraries:  Murdoch University and the University of Western Australia

by Monika Szunejko


Abstract: A comparison of the special classification schemes for literature used at two university libraries: the University of Western Australia and Murdoch University.  Each scheme is outlined, and built numbers are compared.  The advantages and disadvantages of each scheme are discussed in terms of the requirements of a classification scheme: collocation of subject matter, partition of subject aspects, ease of application, shelf browsability, retrievability, identification, access and navigation.

Keywords: Dewey Decimal Classification; Literature; Special Classification


Specific and Generic Subject Headings: Increasing Subject Access to Library Materials

by Linnea Marshall


Abstract: The principle of specificity for subject headings provides a clear advantage to many researchers for the precision it brings to subject searching.  However, for some researchers very specific subject headings hinder an efficient and comprehensive search.  An appropriate broader heading, especially when made narrower in scope by the addition of subheadings, can benefit researchers by providing generic access to their topic.  Assigning both specific and generic subject headings to a work would enhance the subject accessibility for the diverse approaches and research needs of different catalog users.  However, it can be difficult for catalogers to assign broader terms consistently to different works and without consistency the gathering function of those terms may not be realized.

KEYWORDS.  Subject access, Subject headings, Specificity, Library of Congress Subject Headings


All New Subject Access to Fiction: How a Cultural Zeitgeist with Gray Hair Informed ALA’s  Guidelines

by Christopher Miller


Abstract:  In 1990, the American Library Association published its Guidelines on Subject Access to Individual Works of Fiction, Drama, Etc. Neither the 1990 Guidelines nor the work’s subsequent 2000 edition is terribly concerned with explaining why increased subject access to works of imaginative literature has come to be needed now more than in the baker’s century after Cutter first allowed for such access.  Inherent to the 1990 Guidelines is the notion that works of imagination have a value such that they deserve to be accessed in more or less the same manner that nonfiction works are accessed; through aboutness as well as whatness. The paper purports that the origins of this change in cataloging policy are far from humble; that they can in fact be located in a broad swath of social historiography and literary criticism.

KEYWORDS: subject heading access, fiction, social history


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