Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 38, no. 2, 2004





EDITORIAL / by Ruth C. Carter



Sandra K. Roe, News Editor 




Impact of Web Access on Cataloging
by Sarah Yoder Leroy, Suzanne Leffard Thomas

Abstract: Catalogers in larger libraries have web access on their desktops, which puts many resources just a click away. Cataloging tools and documentation are available through web browser interfaces. Many library online catalogs are accessible for searching class numbers and other cataloging information. Web sites of publishers, governmental agencies, and individual authors abound, providing a wealth of information. Having this information readily available has had an impact on cataloging. The ability to have more than one open window on the desktop enables catalogers to copy and paste cataloging information from multiple sources. Web resources provide critical information about the context for the item in hand, resulting in better cataloging records and more accurate access points. This article discusses and gives examples of ways that information found on the web can be used to facilitate cataloging processes. Keywords: Cataloging, web, electronic resources, online catalogs, Internet

Consistency versus Inconsistency: Issues in Chinese Cataloging in OCLC
by Yue Li

Abstract: This article addresses some unresolved cataloging issue related to pinyin Romanization, vernacular application, field coding, and other aspects of Chinese cataloging in OCLC. These issues lead to inconsistencies in the way Chinese materials are cataloged, though cataloging standards and Romanization rules are made and the processes of the projects like Pinyin Conversion, Manual Review, and Pinyin Clean-Up have been completed. In this article, eight of the most commonly encountered issues and inconsistent practices in Chinese cataloging are discussed. Examples from Chinese records created with OCLC CJK software in WorldCat are used to demonstrate the problems they raise. With the discussion it is hoped that these inconsistent practices can be recognized and avoided in the future. Keywords: OCLC CJK, Romanization, pinyin, pinyin conversion, Chinese vernacular, inconsistency.

Expression-level Bibliographic Entity Records: A Trial on Creation from Pre-existing MARC Records
by Shoichi Taniguchi

Abstract: This paper reports on a study to investigate the feasibility of creating bibliographic records in accordance with a model giving primacy to expression-level entity, through attempts on converting existing MARC records. First, methods of creating records were examined in terms of the structure of records. A method that explicitly shows the structure of the model on which records were based was then selected. Secondly, a trial was conducted to convert USMARC bibliographic records into those structured according to the method selected, by developing programs to facilitate conversion. Thirdly, a prototype system to use the structured records was developed in order to demonstrate the usefulness of such records. Keywords: conceptual modeling, expression-level entity, expression-prioritized model, FRBR, record conversion

GMD: Its Function and Its History
by Mauro Guerrini

Abstract: The history, scope, and functions of the General Material Designation (GMD) are reviewed. Reasons for difficulties in using GMDs, the hybrid nature of GMDs, and their functional nature are examined. Future uses of GMD in an international context are discussed. Agreement exists that a sound definition for the “mode of expression” is still needed. Keywords: General Material Designation, GMD, GMD-SMD, mode of expression, non-book materials, AACR, FRBR.

A New Scheme for Library Classification
by Gholamreza Fadaie ‘Araghi

Abstract: This proposed new classification scheme is based on two main elements: hierarchism and binary theory. Hence, it is called Universal Binary Classification (UBC). Some advantages of this classification are highlighted including are subject heading development, construction of a thesaurus and all terms with meaningful features arranged in tabular form that can help researchers, through a semantic process, to find what they need. This classification scheme is fully consistent with the classification of knowledge. The classification of knowledge is also based on hierarchism and binary principle. Finally, a survey on randomly selected books in McLennan Library of McGill University is presented to compare the codes of this new classification with the currently employed Library of Congress Classification (LCC) numbers in the discipline of Library and Information Sciences. Keywords: Library classification. Classification features. Binary system. Hierarchism. Library & Information Sciences.

Authority Control in the Online Environment: Celebrating the 20th anniversary of LITA/ALCTS CCS Authority Control in the Online Environment Interest Group
by Qiang Jin

Abstract: To celebrate the 20th anniversary of LITA/ALCTS CCS Authority Control in the Online Environment Interest Group (ACIG), a survey was sent out to its past chairs to identify the major issues concerning authority control during their tenure as chair, ACIG’s major accomplishments during the year, and comments the past ACIG chairs had on the current focus and challenges for authority control in the future. The author discovered that since ACIG’s creation in 1984 by Barbara Tillett, ACIG has contributed greatly to the field of authority control by addressing timely authority control topics with programs, discussions, and publications for the library community. ACIG meetings have always been well attended. ALL ACIG chairs were very proud to be part of having contributed to authority control and quite a few of them have been working very hard to promote authority control issues ever since. Keywords: ACIG, Authority control, online environment, integrated library systems

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