Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 40, no. 1, 2005

 


EDITORIAL

Interdependence / by Ruth C. Carter

CCQ INTERVIEW
Carolynne Myall, Interviews Editor

An Interview with Lynne Howarth (April 2004) / by Jean Weihs

Abstract: Lynne Howarth discusses her career as a cataloguer and educator. Topics covered include important issues facing cataloguers today; exciting trends -- and also some discouraging developments -- in librarianship, cataloguing, and bibliographic control during the last ten years and the future of bibliographic control in the next ten years; the challenges in overcoming the traditional view of librarians; and potential fields of employment for those with cataloguing skills. Keywords: Lynne C. Howarth. Cataloguing. Bibliographic control. Library technical service departments. Education for librarianship. Recruitment for librarianship. Employment opportunities for cataloguers. Image of librarians.

Cataloging News

Sandra K. Roe, News Editor


Articles

The United Nations Classification Scheme
by David N. Griffiths

Abstract: Anecdotal evidence suggests that dissatisfaction with the United Nations Classification Scheme (UNCS), a notational system in continuous use since 1946, has been widespread among researchers and government information specialists. Through the examination of over fourteen thousand document symbols assigned over the course of a year, this study identifies flaws in the notation that have limited its effectiveness. The criteria for this evaluation, which are drawn from both archival and library classification literature, include simplicity, the appropriate use of mnemonics, brevity, serial piece collocation, and the appropriate representation of administrative origin. The author concludes that the scheme satisfies none of these criteria consistently, due in part to the lack of centralized control over its development, and offers recommendations for correcting its defects.Keywords: United Nations Classification Scheme, government documents classification schemes, notation, provenance

Major Problems in Retrieval Systems
by Gholamreza Fadaie Araghi

Abstract: For better retrieval, classification and indexing are the key factors. To serve better users there should be some criteria. The most popular criteria known are recall and precision. But these two are not totally accepted and respected in application. Uncertainty and giving more respect to information technology at the expense of information system management are the main problems. Although information retrieval includes many elements such as modality, document classification and categorization, system architecture, user interfaces, data visualization, filtering, language and behavioral sciences, communication in a good environment covers all of them. For better communication, a classifier/ indexer must avoid taking false direction, to be frank and careful not to use ambiguous terms, and must provide sufficient cross-references their indexing. Good questioning and saying no when it should be said is regarded as a kind of filtration of the environment from noises. Keywords: Recall. Precision. Filtration. Uncertainty. Communication. Information system.

Word Association Testing and Thesaurus Construction: A Pilot Study
by Louise F. Spiteri

Abstract: This pilot study examines the use of word association testing in the derivation of user-derived descriptors, descriptor hierarchies, and categories of inter-term relationships for the purpose of thesaurus construction. Ten participants were students were presented with a test-bed of 15 domain-specific stimulus terms and were asked to provide as many response words they could for each stimulus term and to describe how the response and stimulus terms are inter-related. The word association test was successful in generating a significant number of word pairs and facet indicators that could be used to display inter-term relationships in thesauri. Keywords: Thesaurus construction; word association testing

Resources for Catalogers: An Annotated Bibliography
by Laura N.Kirkland

Abstract: Considerable documentation, tools, and manuals are available to aid catalogers, but without some guidance, many have no idea how to use these shelves of reference guides and manuals. This bibliography is intended as a guide to the information and resources available to assist the cataloger in cataloging. The availability of each resource is given (including online availability), along with a brief summary of the type of information that each resource contains.Keywords: cataloging resources, cataloging manuals, cataloging tools


Quality Control Issues in Outsourcing Cataloging in US and Canadian Academic Libraries
by Vinh-The Lam

Abstract:This study was conducted to investigate the quality control (QC) issues in cataloging outsourcing programs implemented in US and Canadian academic libraries. Most libraries provided the outsourcing vendors with detailed cataloging and/orprocessing specifications before the outsourcing programs started. They have set up QC procedures as an integral part of their outsourcing operations. In most cases, both librarian-catalogers and senior library assistants/technicians were involved in the QC programs. The error rates reported were low and the majority of bibliographic records provided by the vendors were either LC/OCLC records or records compatible with the Core-Level Standard recommended by the Cooperative Cataloging Council’s Task Group on Standards. A large majority of these libraries were satisfied with the services provided by the outsourcing vendors. Based on the definition of quality of cataloging as a combination of Accuracy, Consistency, Adequacy of Access Points, and Timeliness, most libraries reported that the quality of their Library’s cataloging was not affected by the outsourcing programs. Keywords: Outsourcing, Cataloging, Academic Libraries, United States, Canada

Growing a NACO Program: Ingredients for Success
by Betsy Simpson, Priscilla Williams

Abstract: What factors are critical to the success of expanding a NACO program? The University of Florida Libraries’ experience with NACO, the Name Authority arm of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC), points to some important variables. As members of NACO, institutions contribute name and series authorities to the national authority database, which greatly increases the pool of available authorities for libraries to use. In 1987 we became a member of the NACO program, and faithfully submitted a few hundred authorities each year for nine years. In 1996, things began to change as we refocused our program objectives, and our submissions grew, tripling by 1998/99. The dynamics that created this environment of change are instructive for librarians and managers hoping to breath new life into existing programs.


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