Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 40, no. 2, 2005

 


EDITORIAL

Transitions / by Ruth C. Carter

ELECTRONIC RESOURCES FOR CATALOGERS: XISBN, or, THE ÜBER ISBN
Lyn Condron, ERC Editor

Cataloging News

Sandra K. Roe, News Editor


Articles

Users Satisfaction Through Better Indexing
by Gholamreza Fadaie Araghi

Abstract: Classification and indexing are two main tools to organize information to serve the users. Information architecture is nothing more than to organize better to achieve this goal. Any user seeks easy access and speed to reach one’s information needs. Classifier/ indexer must interpret or estimate the users’ need in best possible terms. Ranking algorithms such as Boolean, Vector or others is highly recommended and practiced. Some define Retrieval Strategies as a measure of similarity between a quarry and document. Relevance is a criterion for matching about ness. About ness is a criterion for decision- making. Better indexing as well as better classification is a key point to reach the ultimate goal in record management. Some suggestions are made for those who create databases, provide information engines or manage the information. Keywords: Indexing, Classification, Relevance, About ness, Boolean, Vector, Probability, Retrieval

On Chinese Romanization and Syllable Aggregation
by Qianli Hu

Abstract: This paper recommends that the Library of Congress and other libraries adopt Chinese syllable aggregation as it can help users understand Chinese records. It explains the practice of the four tones in the Chinese language. It suggests that catalogers should be consistent to catalog Chinese materials. It also makes comments on the Library of Congress’ latest Pinyin Conversion Project report, and other articles on this topic. It suggests libraries learn Queens’ public library system in order to allow users to retrieve, display, and print Chinese records with both English and Chinese characters. Keywords: Chinese Romanization, syllable, aggregation, word division.


Descriptive Impressions of Entry-Level Cataloger Positions as Reflected in American Libraries, AutoCAT, and the Colorado State Library Jobline, 2002-2003

by Sylvia D. Hall-Ellis

Abstract: Library school students and employers articulate expectations for entry-level cataloger positions including understandings and familiarities with a theoretical basis for organization (cataloging, classification, authority control), technical skills (bibliographic utilities, tools) and non-library specific competencies. Therefore, entry-level catalog librarian position announcements provide insight into shifting requirements regarding graduate education, expertise, and preferred preparations for these positions. This empirical research study explores 150 entry-level cataloger position announcements published during a three-year period in order to determine the common aspects of employers’ expectations. A rigorous content analysis methodology enabled the researcher to identify employers’ expectations and requirements among types of libraries. Keywords: catalogers, library education, content analysis, position descriptions

Applying Form/Genre Headings to Foreign Films: A Summary of AUTOCAT and OLAC-LIST Discussions
by Jeannette Ho

Abstract: In several discussions on two electronic lists (AUTOCAT and OLAC-LIST) from 1993 to 2003, librarians expressed interest in using form/genre headings to provide access to foreign films as a separate category of material, as well as by language and country of production, but observed that existing standards do not accommodate these practices. Various options were discussed, including the adaptation of subject headings intended for topical use, geographical subdivision of existing form/genre headings, and the creation of local headings. This paper summarizes the discussions and describes the local policy at Texas A&M University Libraries. Keywords: Video recordings, Foreign language materials, Form/genre headings, Cataloging, Library of Congress subject headings, Motion pictures, Electronic discussion lists

Cataloging Spirits and the Spirit of Cataloging
by Nancy M. Babb

Abstract: Specific rules within the cataloging codes may seem strange and out of step with the times in which the codes are used. This paper examines one such seemingly strange set of rules, those regarding spirit communications, and explores how these rules illuminate both historical developments and current practices in cataloging. Anglo-American cataloging rules regarding author entry for works of spirit communication are particularly illustrative of evolving theories of authorship and bibliographic identity in the library catalog. Keywords: spirit communications, history of cataloging, cataloging codes, authorship, bibliographic identity

Three Decades since Prejudices and Antipathies: A Study of Changes in the Library of Congress Subject Headings
by Steven A. Knowlton

Abstract: The Library of Congress Subject Headings have been criticized for containing biased subject headings. One leading critic has been Sanford Berman, whose 1971 monograph Prejudices and Antipathies: A Tract on the LC Subject Heads Concerning People (P&A) listed a number of objectionable headings and proposed remedies. In the decades since P&A was first published, many of Berman’s suggestions have been implemented, while other headings remain unchanged. This paper compiles all of Berman’s suggestions and tracks the changes that have occurred; a brief analysis of the remaining areas of bias is included. Keywords: Berman, Sanford, 1933-; Bias; Subject cataloging; Library of Congress subject headings


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