Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 41, no. 1, 2005



Some Closing Thoughts / by Ruth C. Carter

Carolynne Myall, Interviews Editor

An Interview with Judith Hopkins / by Marilyn McMann Kramer

Abstract: Judith Hopkins discusses her 47-year career in cataloging. Topics included are her cataloging education, her first job, her early participation in OCLC, her work documenting academic libraries’ implementation of AACR2, AUTOCAT, and her views on the future of cataloging. Keywords: Judith Hopkins, Margaret Ellsworth, Fred Kilgour, Phil Long, John Edens, OCLC, library profiling, card catalogs, MARC, metadata, AACR2, AUTOCAT

Cataloging News

Sandra K. Roe, News Editor


Cataloguing, Lies, and Videotape: Comparing the IMDb and the library catalogue
Chew Chiat Naun, K. C. Elhard

Abstract: Many librarians have written about the Internet Movie Database (IMDb;, praising it as a popular and effective reference tool. However, the cataloguing principles that drive the database’s user-friendly structure have been largely overlooked. In this paper, we examine the organizational principles behind the IMDb and compare them to standard cataloguing practice according to AACR 2 and the MARC format. This approach provides illustrations of how different cataloguing principles support information access, while offering a new perspective on the library online catalogue.
Keywords: Internet Movie Database, cataloguing principles, AACR 2, MARC, audiovisual cataloguing
A Scarce Resource? : A Study of Academic Cataloger Recruitment 2000-2002
Paul L. Anthony
Jill A. Garbs
Abstract: In an attempt to ascertain whether academic libraries were having difficulty in filling cataloging positions, a survey was designed and distributed to those libraries that advertised for full-time cataloging positions in College and Research Libraries News between July 2000 and June 2002. While a number of studies done in the last decade had examined the content of job advertisements, this study tried to determine the actual outcomes of individual library searches by contacting libraries that had advertised. Using a web-based questionnaire, the authors queried these institutions on their recruitment process and hiring success. The results of this survey provided confirmation of a continued, if not increasing, difficulty in recruiting catalogers for academic libraries. Some implications for a wider debate on library school training and the general direction of the profession are discussed.
Keywords: Catalogers, Cataloging, Recruiting, Advertisements, Academic Libraries.

Critical Views of LCSH, 1990-2001: The Third Bibliographic Essay
Karen S. Fischer
Abstract: This classified critical bibliography continues the work initiated by Monika Kirtland and Pauline Cochrane, and furthered by Steven Blake Shubert. Kirtland and Cochrane published a bibliography surveying the literature critical of LCSH from 1944-1979 titled “Critical Views of LCSH – Library of Congress Subject Headings, A Bibliographic and Bibliometric Essay.” Shubert analyzed another decade of literature in his article titled “Critical Views of LCSH—Ten Years Later: A Bibliographic Essay.” This current bibliography compiles the next twelve years of critical literature from 1990-2001. Persistent concerns of the past fifty-seven years include inadequate syndetic structure, currency or bias of the headings, and lack of specificity in the subject heading list. New developments and research are in the areas of subdivisions, mapping, indexer inconsistency, and post-coordination. LCSH must become more flexible and easier to use in order to increase its scalability and interoperability as an online subject searching tool. Keywords: Library of Congress subject headings, subject access, subject cataloging.

Authority Control in Academic Libraries in the United States: A Survey
Robert E. Wolverton, Jr.

Abstract: Authority control is an important part of the cataloging process, but relatively little research has been conducted related to its practice in academic libraries. In addition, few studies have been conducted regarding staffing and training issues related to authority control. To examine these issues, a survey was developed and emailed to academic libraries at 258 institutions designated by the year 2000 Carnegie Classification as either Doctoral/Research Extensive or Intensive level. The survey consisted of questions relating to authority control practices and staffing and training issues related to authority control. One hundred ninety-three institutions responded for a return rate of 75 percent. The survey results indicate that authority control was practiced and highly valued by the vast majority of respondents and that many would like additional time, funding, and personnel to do more authority control work in their libraries. Keywords: Authority control; Cataloging; Academic libraries; United States; Surveys; Training.

A Beginners’ Guide for Subject Analysis of Theses and Dissertations in the Hard Sciences
Lona Hoover

ABSTRACT: This guide, for beginning catalogers with humanities or social sciences backgrounds, provides assistance in subject analysis (based on Library of Congress Subject Headings) of theses and dissertations (T/Ds) that are produced by graduate students in university departments in the hard sciences (physical sciences and engineering). It is aimed at those who have had little or no experience in cataloging, especially of this type of material, and for those who desire to supplement local mentoring resources for subject analysis in the hard sciences. Theses and dissertations from these departments present a special challenge because they are the results of current research representing specific new concepts with which the cataloger may not be familiar. In fact, subject headings often have not yet been created for the specific concept(s) being researched. Additionally, T/D authors often use jargon/terminology specific to their department. Catalogers often have many other duties in addition to subject analysis of T/Ds in the hard sciences, yet they desire to provide optimal access through accurate, thorough subject analysis. Tips are provided for determining the content of the T/D, strategic searches on WorldCat for possible subject headings, evaluating the relevancy of these subject headings for final selection, and selecting appropriate subdivisions where needed. Lists of basic reference resources are also provided. Keywords: Thesis (theses), dissertation(s), T/Ds, subject analysis, subject headings, subject access, cataloging, hard sciences, electronic theses and dissertations, ET/Ds.

Mapping of Two Schemes of Classification for Software Classification
Suvarsha Walters, T. B. Rajashekar

Abstract: SALIS is a repository of open source software along with metadata information. It is a pilot project covering the areas of computer networks and information systems. The objective is to demonstrate the usefulness of such repositories to the Indian academic and developer community in making informed decisions while using open source software. To enable organization and retrieval of the information stored in the repository, a modified CCS (Computing Classification Scheme) classification scheme by the ACM (Association of Computing Machinery) was used. Since a sizeable section of the end users community were familiar with the USPTO classification scheme, a need was felt to classify the software by USPTO scheme also. Instead of classifying by two schemes it was decided to have a mapping or a concordance between the two schemes so that the classification process can be simplified. The approach used to derive a concordance between two diverse classification schemes is described. Keywords: Classification schemes, mapping, concordance, open source software.

Cataloging the Congressional Serial Set
Aimée C.Quinn

Abstract: Many librarians question the usefulness of the traditional cataloging of difficult historic sets in a time when more and more information moves to either to the Internet or is digitized outright. One of the most challenging sets to catalog is the U.S. Congressional Serial Set, a 14,000 + (and growing) mega serial comprised of five monographic sub-series. The Congressional Serial Set is an anomaly since it is both monographic and serial in nature. This article examines the intricacies in cataloging government publications in an electronic atmosphere using one House document in the Serial Set as a guide and examines the two commercial digitization projects currently underway. Keywords: Congressional Printing; Serial Set: Cataloging; U.S. federal documents; federal publishing; digitization; government metadata; Government publications; Government information; Government publications bibliographic control

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