Cataloging & Classification Quarterly

Volume 41, no. 3-4, 2005

 


 

Education for Cataloging: International Perspectives
Part II

Introduction / by Dajin D. Sun and Ruth C. Carter


Articles


AUSTRALIA

Beyond Our Expectations: a Review of an Independent Learning Module in Descriptive Cataloguing at the Queensland University of Technology
Gillian Hallam

Abstract: This paper discusses an innovative approach to teaching cataloguing. At Queensland University of Technology (QUT), students enrolled in the Graduate Diploma of Library and Information Studies were involved in an independent learning activity which aimed to develop LIS students’ foundation knowledge of descriptive cataloguing, while simultaneously encouraging students to think critically about broader issues that would inevitably impact on their role as information professionals. In the self-study program, learning activities included an interactive multimedia CD-ROM and a printed workbook with exercises, augmented by the opportunity for group discussion in weekly tutorials to enable students to share key aspects of their independent learning. Students were asked to critically evaluate the CD-ROM and the workbook and also to develop their own professional views about the arguments for and against the inclusion of cataloguing in the LIS curriculum. The paper presents the outcomes of this pilot project.Keywords: Cataloging education, library education, library schools, teaching and learning

MARCup to Markup: Education for Cataloguing and Classification in Australia
Ross Harvey, Sue Reynolds

Abstract: This article considers the current state in Australia of education for cataloguing and classification (considered broadly and encompassing descriptive cataloguing, subject access, classification, metadata, knowledge organisation, bibliographic control and other related areas for all formats of library resources). Data comes from subject and course descriptions located in the handbook entries and web sites of Australian programs in library and information studies, and from an informal survey of practising cataloguers and library educators. Conclusions are drawn about the range of subjects taught, their focus, and their levels. Keywords: Australia, Cataloguing, Cataloging education, Classification, Education programs, Paraprofessional training, Professional education, Surveys


EUROPE

Education for Cataloging and Classification in Austria and Germany
Monnika Münnich, Heidi Zotter

Abstract: This article discusses the training of catalog librarians in Germany and Austria. First, the various library careers and degrees are described; then the various types of library schools and the varying educational content of different degree programs are described, along with continuing education programs in both countries. Typical job categories in German and Austrian libraries are described in terms of the qualification levels required in each category. Since the question of whether to retain the current official cataloguing code is now a subject of intense debate (with a potentially significant impact on library education,) the main points of that debate are outlined here. Mention is made of the manuals and textbooks currently used in cataloguing courses. Keywords: catalogers, education for cataloguing, library education, library schools, cataloguing codes, Austria, Germany

Education and training on the nature and description of documents: Polish university studies and professional librarianship schools
Anna Sitarska

Abstract: This article describes the education system for librarians and information professionals in Poland and includes a discussion of change agents. The international bibliographic standardization has brought considerable change to this education. Another change factor has been Poland’s openess to broader international connections as a result of the country’s political and social transformation beginning in 1989. Technological development (computer system applications in libraries and references services) is a third key factor for change in Polish library education. Additionally, the article includes a survey of recent events and the most important institutions. The quality of teaching is examined and suggestions made for future changes. Keywords: Poland, library education, information professionals, bibliographic description, cataloging, cataloging education.

Cataloging Education on the Sunny Side of the Alps (Slovenia)
Jerry Saye, Alenka Sauperl

Abstract: Describes the status of library and information science education in Slovenia with emphasis on cataloging and classification courses. The program in the Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana is reported in detail at both the undergraduate and master’s level. Also addressed are requirements to be employed as a librarian in Slovenia and continuing educations opportunities for catalogers. Keywords: Library and information science education, Library schools, Cataloging education, Classification education, Organization of information education, Slovenia

Education for Cataloging in Spanish Universities: A Descriptive and Critical Study
Rafael Ruiz-Perez, Emilio Delgado Lopez-Cozar

Abstract: Objective: This is a critical descriptive study of the situation of Cataloging as an academic discipline within Library and Information Science studies in Spain. Material and methods: The descriptive analysis of the sectional contents of the General and Specific Guidelines of the degreees of Diplomado (three-year degree) and Licenciado (five-year degree) in LIS and the Curricular Programs of the Spanish University schools or departments. Variables analyzed: the denomination and content descriptors of the course offerings and credit hours. The test-retest method was used, with a qualitative processing of data. Results: General data is given about the studies in LIS: their introduction, the universities that offer them, and the degrees awarded. Cataloging is considered an obligatory core subject matter, and is represented by several courses that present important differences insofar as their denominations, their credits and their character from one curricular program to the next. The average credit requisite for obligatory courses in cataloging in Spain is 14 (1 credit= 10 class hours), and 19.7 if we also consider the electives. At present, this discipline is undergoing a reform that will produce important changes as a result of the adaptation of university studies to the common framework of the European Union. Keywords: Library and Information Science (LIS), Spain, Cataloging, Teaching Curricula, Professional instruction, cataloging education

Education and training for cataloguing and classification in the British Isles
J. H. Bowman

Abstract: A survey of postgraduate education and training for cataloguing and classification in the British Isles in late 2003 was carried out by consulting websites and sending an email request. Cataloguing and classification have become largely invisible in professional education, but it appears that most courses still include something about them, though not always as a compulsory module and usually without much practical work. The course at University College London is described. Views of recent graduates, and of chief cataloguers and other trainers, are included, and show that the general opinion is that not enough is being taught about cataloguing and classification. Finally the article looks at training given by commercial providers. Keywords: cataloguing education, training for cataloguing, cataloguers, Britain, United Kingdom

 

LATIN AMERICA


The Teaching of Information Processing in the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
Elsa E. Barber, Silvia L. Pisano

Abstract: The article describes broadly the current curriculum in the Departamento de Bibliotecología y Ciencia de la Información at the Facultad de Filosofía y Letras of the Universidad de Buenos Aires. It introduces the Information Processing Area, included cataloging and classification: its composition, theoretical background, strategies and teaching techniques used in the teaching process – learning, relationship with other areas in the curriculum, the mode of connection between theory and practice, as well as the main existing research areas. Keywords: Information processing, Cataloging, cataloging education, Teaching, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Education for Cataloging and Classification in Mexico
Filberto Felipe Martínez Arellano

Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to provide an overview about education for cataloguing and classification in Mexico. Mexican Library and Information Science (LIS) schools have traditionally been featured by a strong emphasis in cataloging and classification learning, which continues being an important part of their curricula. Additionally, like in other countries, education for cataloging and classification in México has been influenced by the changes that libraries and Library Science have experienced from new technological developments. General trends in education for cataloging and classification in Mexico are seen by comparing the different Mexican LIS schools and their program curricula.Keywords: Cataloging teaching in Mexico, cataloging education, classification in Mexico, Mexican library schools. Technical services in Mexico, library education in Mexico

Education for Cataloging and Related Areas in Peru
Ana Maria Talavera Ibarra

Abstract: This paper presents the situation of library education in Peru during the last decades of the 20th Century, particularly dealing with education in the area of cataloging and bibliographic control. Both an historical view and the current situation are explained to give a general panorama of education in the areas of cataloging, classification, organization of electronic materials, cataloging networks, and the like. Also a short panorama of the near future is given. At the same time not only professional education is presented, but also non professional, continuing and on the job education in library and information science (LIS) in Peru. Keywords: Cataloging education; Library and Information Science Education; Peru; Non-professional education, On the job education; Continuing education

 

MIDDLE EAST

 

Cataloging and Classification Education in Egypt: Stressing the Fundamentals while Approaching Toward Automated Applications
Mohammed Fat’hy Abdel Hady, Ali Kamal Shaker

Abstract: This paper concentrates on the current state of cataloging and classification education in Egypt. The authors highlight the changes occurred in the past five years and also envision the expected changes for the near future. All courses related inclusively to cataloging (both descriptive and subject) and classification of library materials have been examined. Research design includes analyzing curricula, distributing written questionnaire, and interviewing library and information science faculty from different departments throughout the country. The paper reveals a number of findings that are of particular relevance to the current and near-future cataloging and classification education in Egypt. Among these findings are the increasing focus on machine-readable cataloging, cooperation in cataloging, improving the practical part of cataloging and classification education, the need for continuing education of instructors, and continuing development of cataloging courses. Keywords: Cataloging and classification education, LIS (Library and Information Science) education, LIS curricula, descriptive cataloging, subject cataloging, classification, Egypt

An account of cataloging and classification education in Iranian universities
Mortaza Kokabi

Abstract: This paper presents a brief account of cataloging and classification education in Iran. The number of universities with library and information science departments is given along with content of the courses taught on cataloging and classification. Cataloging rules, subject heading lists and classification schedules taught are discussed. Changes of the curricula over the past 5-10 years as well as anticipated changes over the next 5-10 years are enumerated. Degrees awarded, number of faculty teaching in the area of cataloging and classification and the number of students taking cataloging related coursework for a year or semester are the other topics covered by the paper. The role of teaching assistants and the practicum of students in library cataloging and/or cataloging related departments are also discussed. Keywords: Cataloging, classification, cataloging education, Iran, cataloging code, subject heading list, classification schedules, degrees

Cataloging Instruction in Israel
Snunith Shoham

Abstract: Despite its young age compared to similar programs in the United States, cataloging instruction in Israel has also been transformed to reflect the changes in the work done in libraries based on technological innovations and conceptions held by those involved in academia. Cataloging instruction in Israel is marked by a number of factors: * There has always been a division, carried through to today, between distinct and independent courses on various aspects of cataloging: A course on classification, a course on descriptive cataloging and a course on indexing. Even today, these courses are requirements in all of the instructional frameworks, though the length of the course has been reduced over the years * Over the years additional courses have been introduced as a reflection of the technological developments and work in the field
* The majority of courses are now taught in computer labs * Switch to instruction by academics and not by librarians, workers in the field, as was customary for many decades * Focus of instruction in university departments on theory and understanding of concepts. Keywords: Cataloging education. Library school curricula. Theory vs. practice dilemma, Israel

Continuing Education for Catalogers in Saudi Arabia
Zahiruddin Khurshid

Abstract: Studies have revealed that LIS programs of the four library schools in Saudi Arabia are traditional and their cataloging courses do not cover new trends and issues in the organization of information. As a result, graduates of these schools lack the required skills for various cataloging positions, especially in an electronic library environment. Once hired, they need to embark on a continuing education program to develop these skills. The paper aims to review continuing education programs for catalogers offered by various library schools, human resource development institutions, automation vendors, and professional associations in Saudi Arabia. Several other continuing education opportunities available to catalogers, such as Web-based training, professional reading, and electronic discussions lists, are also discussed. Keywords: Cataloging, Catalogers, Cataloging education, Library education, Continuing education, Saudi Arabia


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