Volume 45, no. 2, 2007


Editorial, Sandra K. Roe, Editor


Making the Link: AACR to RDA. Part 1: Setting the Stage
Lynne C. Howarth and Jean Weihs

ABSTRACT: In October 1997, the Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR (JSC) held the International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR, in Toronto, Canada, to determine if a changing bibliographic landscape warranted fundamental rethinking of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules. This paper follows the thread of those changes as, between 1997 and early 2005, JSC pursued a vigorous schedule towards a third edition of AACR. Cataloguing constituency feedback on a first draft of AACR3 prompted a change in direction to a code with the working title, Resource Description and Access (RDA) – a content standard for multi-formats and communities.

KEYWORDS: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules; AACR; Resource Description and Access; RDA; Cataloguing code revision


Manuscripts and Metadata: Descriptive Metadata in Three Manuscript Catalogs: DigCIM, MALVINE, & Digital Scriptorium
Joy Humphrey

ABSTRACT: The complexity of cataloging manuscripts, particularly medieval manuscripts, has meant that these materials have remained largely inaccessible to the public. The quantity and quality of the descriptive data, the time and money it takes to catalog manuscripts, and the fragility of the materials themselves explain the dearth of searchable data on these valuable resources. Even when manuscripts have been cataloged, they have often been physically available only to a few elite scholars who are able to gain access to them. Certain institutions have embarked on projects to reverse this situation. This paper deals with three of these projects: the British Library’s Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM), a European consortium’s database entitled Manuscripts And Letters Via Integrated Networks in Europe (MALVINE), and Columbia University’s Digital Scriptorium (DS). The author explores the history of each project, compares the metadata utilized by each one through the creation of a crosswalk, and analyzes the usefulness of these catalogs to the user.

KEYWORDS: Crosswalk, DigCIM, Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts, DS, Digital Scriptorium, MALVINE, Manuscripts And Letters Via Integrated Networks in Europe


Some of Our Fifty are Missing: Library of Congress Subject Headings for Southwestern Cultures and History
Theresa A. Strottman

ABSTRACT: The Library of Congress Subject Headings has flaws in the logic and structure of its headings relating to the Southwest. Examples demonstrate aspects of the regional biases that make it frustrating to use LCSH for cataloging Southwest collections. The frustrations experienced by students, researchers, and library patrons trying to find detailed information on the Southwest have significant social consequences, especially for Hispanics and Native Americans. Antonio Gramsci’s concepts provide a framework to present the implications of these consequences and the need to correct them. LCSH is a major cataloging and research resource both nationally and internationally. Successfully changing biased and inaccurate LCSH subject headings will exhibit social and political leadership while LCSH is providing technological leadership as a key source for developing cooperative online international authority files for subject headings.

KEYWORDS: Library of Congress Subject Headings, Southwestern states, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, Southwestern history, New Mexican History


Familial authorship in the Anglo-American cataloging tradition
Philip Hider

ABSTRACT: In the light of a proposal for names of families to be treated as a separate form of name heading in the forthcoming Resource Description and Access, this article examines the treatment of families in the Anglo-American descriptive cataloging tradition and the extent to which names of families have been assigned as non-subject access points. It contrasts manuscript catalogers’ practice of assigning family name headings with the general binary division of personal and corporate names, and discusses how an expansion of the library definition of authorship, so as to accommodate the archival concept of provenance, may more readily allow for familial and other non-corporate group authors. It concludes by suggesting that a corporate and non-corporate group categorisation may be unnecessary, and that instead the corporate body class should be revised, so as to encompass all groups of persons.

KEYWORDS: Families, authorship, name headings, corporate bodies


Comparison of cataloguing codes: Croatian vs. American cataloguing practice
Kornelija Petr

ABSTRACT: Using the methodology of comparative analysis, two cataloguing codes are examined to identify similarities and differences in their approaches and solutions to particular bibliographic problems: the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2), used in the U.S.A., and Pravilnik i priručnik za izradbu abecednih kataloga (PPIAK), used in Croatia. Recommendations for revisions to the Croatian code are provided.

KEYWORDS: Cataloging codes, Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Pravilnik i priručnik za izradbu abecednih kataloga, Croatian Cataloguing Code, Comparison



This issue of Cataloging & Classification Quarterly includes authors from Canada, the U.K., Australia, and Croatia as well as one from the U.S. Three articles discuss aspects of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules — one among many topics that are uppermost in our thoughts at present. The first, "Making the Link: AACR to RDA," is a timely evaluation of how the issues identified during the Toronto conference in 1997 have influenced the development of Resource Description and Access (RDA). Watch for additional papers by Howarth and Weihs, as this one is intended to be the first of a series.

Later in the issue, Hider presents a discussion of whether family names are corporate or non-corporate and whether families can (or must) act intentionally. The third article related to AACR, presents a brief history of the Croatian cataloging code for printed materials, Pravilnik i priručnik za izradbu abecednih kataloga, and compares that cataloging code to corresponding portions of AACR2.

In addition to describing manuscript catalogs and the problems with accessing manuscript collections generally, the second article in this issue provides a comparison and analysis of the application of metadata schemas to this very special format. The projects analyzed include the British Library’s Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts, a European consortium’s database (MALVINE), and Columbia University’s Digital Scriptorium. A crosswalk supplies illustrative material of the differences and similarities between the three schemas.

The third article presents a detailed analysis of subject headings for New Mexico’s history and cultures, and demonstrates that changes are required to accurately reflect New Mexico’s unique cultural history.

Sandra K. Roe


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