Volume 47, no. 6, 2009


Book Reviews
Cataloging of Audiovisual Materials and Other Special Materials, 5th ed. by Nancy B. Olson with the assistance of Robert L. Bothmann and Jessica J. Schomberg.
Reviewed by Sheila S. Intner

Cataloging News, Mary Curran, News Editor


Original Articles

Automatically Batch Loading Metadata from MARC into a Work-Based Metadata Model for Music
Jenn Riley, Casey Mullin, Caitlin Hunter

ABSTRACT: This article describes work done at Indiana University to "batch load" data from MARC bibliographic and authority records into the Work-based and FRBR-like Variations system. A series of experiments to iteratively refine our batch loading algorithm is described, along with details of how the algorithm identifies Works, creates relationships between entities, and maps a large amount of data from MARC into Variations records. The article closes with a discussion of the potential impact of this work on Variations project workflow and community FRBRization activities.

KEYWORDS: Music metadata, digital music libraries, FRBR, work identification, automatic metadata processing


A Comparison between the RDA Taxonomies and End-User Categorizations of Content and Carrier
Philip Hider

ABSTRACT: Resource Description and Access (RDA) includes new lists of content and carrier types intended to replace the General Material Designations (GMDs) and Specific Material Designations (SMDs) of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR), and which represent taxonomies designed to facilitate searching on content and carrier attributes of resources. However, these taxonomies were not constructed through analysis of end-user categorizations, nor have they been tested on end-users. This study investigates how end-users categorize library resources by employing the free-listing technique, commonly employed by cognitive scientists and information architects. The results indicate that end-user categorizations of library resources may emphasize other facets, such as purpose, audience and extent, in addition to content and carrier, and also levels of the content and carrier facets other than those represented by the RDA terms.

KEYWORDS: Resource Description and Access (RDA), content, carrier, free-listing, general material designations, specific material designations


Cataloging Oral Histories: Creating MARC Records for Individual Oral History Interviews
Susan C. Wynne

ABSTRACT: Cataloging oral histories presents many difficulties, especially for catalogers who have primarily worked with published materials and for institutions without funds or staff dedicated to managing oral history collections. Methods for cataloging oral histories can vary widely among institutions. In this paper I examine the issues and considerations involved in providing intellectual access to oral history interviews and offer a possible cataloging method to libraries holding unprocessed oral history materials. The cataloging procedures discussed here have worked well from a workflow standpoint as one of the initial steps to create access to oral histories at Columbus State University, a medium-sized academic library.

KEYWORDS: Oral histories, cataloging, MARC records, Columbus State University Libraries


A Comparison of the Paris Principles and the International Cataloguing Principles
Laurence S. Creider

ABSTRACT: After more than forty-five years of cataloging experience with the Paris Principles and their impact on the international sharing of bibliographic data, the process of replacing them with a wider and deeper set of International Cataloguing Principles is nearing completion. This paper compares the scope, technological context, process of decision-making, conceptual framework, and amount of change involved in the adoption of the two different statements.

KEYWORDS: Cataloging principles, Paris Principles, Statement of International Cataloguing Principles, International Conference on Cataloguing Principles, Paris, 1961, IFLA Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguing Code


Cataloging News

Welcome to the news column. Its purpose is to disseminate information on any aspect of cataloging and classification that may be of interest to the cataloging community. This column is not just intended for news items, but serves to document discussions of interest as well as news concerning you, your research efforts, and your organization. Please send any pertinent materials, notes, minutes, or reports to: Mary Curran, Morisset Library, University of Ottawa, 65 University Ave, Ottawa, ON Canada K1N 9A5 (email: mgcurran(at)uottawa.ca; phone: 613-562-5800 ext. 3590). News columns will typically be available prior to publication in print from the CCQ website at http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/.

We would appreciate receiving items having to do with:

Research and Opinion




Research and Opinion

RDA Testing Website Launched
In March 2009, the U.S. National Libraries RDA Test Steering Committee launched a website for the RDA test project, . The site, "Testing Resource Description and Access (RDA)," includes an application form for those interesting in being selected as a test partner. The Website also includes links to a proposed timeline and to the methodology that the Steering Committee plans to use for the testing. The site will be updated with additional information as a complete test protocol is developed. Those with questions are instructed to email Susan Morris, Special Assistant to the Director for Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access (smor(at)loc.gov).


LC Ning: Bibliographic Data Creation and Distribution Investigation
The Library of Congress has engaged R2 Consulting, LLC to lead its investigation into the creation and distribution of bibliographic data in United States and Canadian libraries, with primary focus on the economics of current practices. The research being conducted and the eventual outcome of the project could have significant implications for libraries of all types.

To keep people informed about the progress of the work and to receive input from catalogers and cataloging coordinators, R2 has constructed a social networking site, http://bibrecords.ning.com/, titled "Bibliographic Record Production: R2's investigation and analysis of the MARC record 'marketplace.'" They are actively seeking catalogers from all types of libraries to join and to communicate their needs and interests.


Library of Congress Begins Music Genre/Form Project
In November 2008, the Library of Congress Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate approved a timeline and plan for five future projects—the development of Library of Congress genre and form headings and subheadings for cartography, law, literature, music, and religion. In accordance with that timeline, the Policy and Standards Division in cooperation with the Music Division of the Library of Congress and other interested groups will develop a genre/form thesaurus for musical works. In this initial stage, the Policy and Standards Division has begun to compile two lists. The first contains candidate genre/form terms based on Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), and is intended to open a discussion about the vocabulary, the semantic relationships among the genre/form terms, and the syntax of the headings that will embody the terms. The second list, also based on LCSH, is a working list of terms representing medium of performance, which is an essential component of the information provided in most bibliographic records for musical works.

During the period from March 26, 2009 through July 31, 2009, the Policy and Standards Division requests assistance from those with an interest in music genre/form headings and in terminology for medium of performance. We welcome:

Please send comments to Geraldine Ostrove (gost(at)loc.gov) with a copy to Janis Young (jayo(at)loc.gov).

Information about this and other genre/form projects is available at http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/genreformgeneral.html.


OCLC's Expert Community Experiment
In February 2009 OCLC introduced the Expert Community Experiment, which enables cataloging members with full level cataloging authorization to make more types of changes to improve and upgrade WorldCat master records. Software changes that were required for the Expert Community Experiment were successfully installed on February 15. For more information, including Guidelines for use during the experiment and an FAQ, see http://www.oclc.org/worldcat/catalog/quality/expert/default.htm. The Experiment planned to last six months.



OCLC Review Board on Shared Data Creation and Stewardship
In January 2009, the OCLC Review Board on Shared Data Creation and Stewardship was created to explore the complex issues surrounding the proposed and deferred "Policy for Use and Transfer of WorldCat Records," to gather feedback broadly from the bibliographic community, and to make recommendations on revising the proposed policy to the OCLC Board of Trustees and to the OCLC Members Council. The Review Board has discussed issues involving technological threats to the integrity of the WorldCat database, historical concerns regarding copyright and WorldCat, and philosophical and legal questions of being a "cooperative organization." The Board also examined the formal responses of library organizations to the proposed policy, and in late March conducted a survey on the community's attitudes regarding shared data creation and stewardship. Response to the survey was strong, and the Review Board welcomes additional comments and questions through its web site, http://www.oclc.org/us/en/worldcat/catalog/policy/board/default.htm.

The Review Board will present a report on all the feedback it has received to the OCLC Members Council at its May 2009 Meeting. As stated in the group's charge, the Review Board will then make recommendations that should be addressed in future policy proposals to the President of Members Council, the Chair of the Board of Trustees, and the OCLC President and CEO.
Ted Schwitzner
Member, OCLC Review Board on Shared Data Creation and Stewardship


Wayne Sanders (University of Missouri-Columbia), Kathleen Schweitzberger (University of Missouri-Kansas City), and Ian Fairclough (George Mason University) announce that they have begun an electronic list, SERIES-L, dedicated to concerns about bibliographic control for library materials issued in series. SERIES-L anticipates doing for bibliographic series what the PERSNAME-L list now does for personal names. Posts to SERIES-L will address specific concerns and specific situations, and will focus on resolving problems rather than discussion. Discussion is encouraged -- but not on SERIES-L! -- rather, elsewhere, in appropriate fora. SERIES-L is for the actual work of cataloging materials in series. To subscribe, send an e-mail to LISTSERV(at)PO.MISSOURI.EDU with the text SUBSCRIBE SERIES-L plus your forename and surname.



2009 Recipient of the Kilgour Award for Research in Library and Information Technology
William H. Mischo, head of the Grainger Engineering Library and Information Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, has been awarded the 2009 Frederick G. Kilgour Award for Research in Library and Information Technology for his three decades-long work on the design of user-centered information retrieval tools and services.

The award from the Library & Information Technology Association (LITA) and jointly sponsored by OCLC, is given for research relevant to the development of information technologies, especially work that shows promise of having a positive and substantive impact on any aspect(s) of the publication, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of information, or the processes by which information and data are manipulated and managed. Congratulations, Bill.


Best of CCQ v.44 Awarded to Richard Smiraglia
Richard Smiraglia, Professor, Palmer School of Library and Information Science, Long Island University, has received the award for the best article published in volume 44 of Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. Smiraglia's paper, "The 'Works' Phenomenon and Best Selling Books," summarizes the results of an original piece of empirical research that has been built upon the author's earlier investigations into the types of bibliographic relationships that can be generated from progenitor works. He reviews and expands upon the nature of works in general, and relates it to the current cataloging environment. As the cataloging community inches closer to adopting a new cataloging code, founded on a more conceptual FRBR-based entity-relationship model, the author's research is particularly relevant to today's cataloging environment by further elucidating how complex the relationships are among a work and its network of instantiations (both derivations and mutations). In this study, Smiraglia applies his earlier research into bibliographic families to best-selling books to explore how the popularity of a work may affect the existence and frequency of derivative and mutated works. He also looks at how the Web environment may increase the need for more explicitly identified bibliographic relationships among progenitor works and their instantiations. The research methodology the author uses is rigorous, the writing style is exemplary, and his conclusions are thought provoking and instructional.


Honorable Mention Awarded to John H. Bowman
Honorable Mention is awarded to John Bowman, School of Library, Archive & Information Studies, University College London for his article published in volume 44 of Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. Bowman's paper, "Annotation: A Lost Art in Cataloguing," explores the emergence and development of annotations in cataloging history. In his clear delineation and progression of the dilemmas surrounding early annotations added to catalog records, such as descriptive vs. subject, objective vs. evaluative, and satisfying users' need for more information vs. economy of cataloging, that started in the late 1800s and continued until 1970, Bowman provides his readers with a vivid picture of how the "pioneers" of cataloging strived to provide information about content. The author connects the past with present by relating the old annotations to the note rules in AACR2 and by discussing current trends to link information from publishers to records in catalogs. Despite its title and author's concluding pronouncement that the "old" annotation is "dead," the paper hints at a future where the art of annotation might be "rising" again, but in forms that are better suited to a digital age.

These articles appear in v.44, no. 3/4 (2007): 179-195 and v.44, no. 1/2 (2007): 95-111, respectively, and also in Cataloger, Editor, and Scholar: Essays in Honor of Ruth C. Carter, edited by Robert P. Holley. The members of the awards panel were Daniel Joudrey, Aiping Chen-gaffey, and Arlene Taylor (Chair).


Best of CCQ v.45 Awarded to Jean Weihs and Lynne Howarth
Volume 45 of CCQ had many well-written articles on a wide array of topics relevant to catalogers, making the naming of a winner a difficult task. The awards panel, consisting of Bobby Bothmann, Mary Curran and Dorothy McGarry (convener), are pleased to announce that the Best of CCQ v.45 has been awarded to Jean Weihs and Lynne Howarth for their article "Designating Materials: From ‘Germane Terms’ to Element Types" which appears in CCQ 45(4):3-24 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J104v45n04_02). The article, on the eve of the publication of RDA, is a timely examination of the history of the general material designation (GMD) from its evolution as a concept within the AACR tradition to the formal publication of a GMD list in 1978 and through the content versus carrier discussion of the nineties, and ends with a well-crafted, explanation of RDA’s media type, carrier type, and content type. With the imminent publication of RDA, this article invites other scholars to join the theoretical discussion of RDA. The GMD is a good start for the RDA content discussion since it is a topic about which all cataloguers have opinions and a discussion that most of us have followed throughout the decade since the International Conference on the Principles and Future Development of AACR.

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