Volume 52, no. 4, 2014


Book Reviews

Global Interoperability and Linked Data in Libraries, Special Issue edited by Mauro Guerrini. Proceedings by Gianfranco Crupi and Ginevra Peruginelli. JLIS.it: Italian Journal of Library and Information Science 4, no. 1 (2013).
Reviewed by Philip E. Schreur

Essential Library of Congress Subject Headings by Vanda Broughton
Reviewed by Judy Jeng

RDA and Serials Cataloging by Ed Jones
Reviewed by Kevin Balster

Original Articles

The Disruptive Qualities of Linked Data in the Library Environment: Analysis and Recommendations
Heather Lea Moulaison & Anthony J. Million

ABSTRACT: Libraries are looking for a better way to encode and share their data. Christensen's disruptive technologies theory provides a framework for evaluating linked data and thinking about future uses of library technology. Because of its lack of use and technical weaknesses, linked data is not yet poised to emerge as a disruptive innovation. It has the potential, however, to become disruptive and should be explored first in spin-offs that supplement library data or provide access to other electronic content. Library systems under development should focus on remaining nimble and open to unforeseen future technologies and uses.

KEYWORDS: linked data, disruptive technologies, Clayton Christensen, library data, library technology

How Disability Studies Scholars Interact with Subject Headings
Amelia Koford

ABSTRACT: Although several scholars of information organization have documented limitations in the way subject access standards represent marginalized topics, few have studied how users understand and address these limitations. This qualitative study investigates the information seeking behavior of nine scholars in the field of disability studies, focusing on how they interact with subject headings. The findings suggest that disability studies scholars often encounter and use non-preferred language when doing research and that they respond to this language in a variety of ways. The study also found that many participants prefer multidisciplinary search tools to subject-specific databases.

KEYWORDS: subject access, indexing vocabularies, information retrieval, interviews, disability studies, bias

What's Gender Got to Do with It? A Critique of RDA 9.7 Amber Billey, Emily Drabinski & K. R. Roberto

ABSTRACT: The Library of Congress (LC) and the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) interpretation of Resource Description and Access (RDA) 9.7 regarding gender when identifying persons reinforces regressive conceptions of gender identity. The rule instructs catalogers to record gender when identifying persons, and although RDA gives catalogers the flexibility to record more than two gender labels, LC limits Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) catalogers to a binary label: male, female, or not known. In this article, the authors challenge gender as a descriptive attribute for personal names, critique how LC is instructing NACO catalogers to record elements about gender, and make recommendations to address describing persons in LC authority records.

KEYWORDS: descriptive cataloging, cataloging standards, Resource Description and Access \(RDA\), cataloging education, metadata standards

A Review of the Literature on Elazar's Classification System for Libraries of Judaica Amy Schoppert

ABSTRACT: This review of the literature on A Classification System for Libraries of Judaica by Elazar provides a brief history of the System along with a summary of its basic functionality. The themes explored in this review are the purpose for which the Elazar System was developed, specifically how standard classification and cataloging schemes were problematic for libraries of Judaica, and the challenges of balancing the needs of specific user groups with the need for standards that can be understood and applied in ways that allow for the broadest possible access.

KEYWORDS: classification, cataloging, libraries of Judaica, Elazar System

OPACs, Users, and Readers' Advisory: Exploring the Implications of User-Generated Content for Readers' Advisory in Canadian Public Libraries Jen Pecoskie, Louise F. Spiteri & Laurel Tarulli

ABSTRACT: This article examines the contribution of social discovery platforms and user-generated content (UGC) on readers' advisory (RA) services in Canadian public libraries. Grounded Theory was used to conduct a content analysis of library-assigned subject headings and UGC of 22 adult fiction titles in 43 Canadian public libraries that use BiblioCommons, SirsiDynix, and Encore social discovery platforms. Findings indicate that UGC complements the MARC bibliographic record as it provides insight into the subject of a work, its protagonists, and the effect the book has on readers. User-generated reviews provide a rich data set that clearly connects to known RA access points.

KEYWORDS: user tagging, indexing, social cataloging, library catalogs, public libraries, readers' advisory, readership communities




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