Leading the 21st-Century Academic Library: Successful Strategies for Envisioning and Realizing Preferred Futures
edited by Bradford Lee Eden.
Reviewed by Lauren Magnuson
The Definition of the Work Entity for Pieces of Recorded Sound
ABSTRACT: The traditional work-instance model differentiates between the intellectual content of a work and the semantic content of its material instantiations. Most scholarship on musical works has concentrated on classical music within the Western canon, and little attention has been paid to other genres of music. This article explores what would constitute an effective work-instance model applicable to sound recordings of non-classical music, examines the shortcomings of the standard work-instance model, and offers new perspectives on the idea of the musical work by integrating the views of philosophers and musicologists, suggesting an interdisciplinary approach to the knowledge organization of musical works.
KEYWORDS: musical works, music cataloging, sound recordings
Attitudes among German- and English-Speaking Librarians toward (Automatic) Subject Indexing
ABSTRACT: The survey described in this article investigates the attitudes of librarians in German- and English-speaking countries toward subject indexing in general, and automatic subject indexing in particular. The results show great similarity between attitudes in both language areas. Respondents agree that the current quality standards should be upheld and dismiss critical voices claiming that subject indexing has lost relevance. With regard to automatic subject indexing, respondents demonstrate considerable skepticism--both with regard to the likely timeframe and the expected quality of such systems. The author considers how this low acceptance poses a difficulty for those involved in change management.
KEYWORDS: subject cataloging, library catalogs, OPACs, subject access, college and university libraries, national libraries, catalogers, surveys
Socially Responsive Design and Evaluation of a Workers' Compensation Thesaurus for a Community Organization with Selective Application of Cognitive Work Analysis: A Case Study
Lana Soglasnova & Mary Hanson
ABSTRACT: This article presents a case study of the evaluation of social responsiveness and relevance of terminology used in a specialized thesaurus constructed for a community legal clinic library. The thesaurus is intended to assist in meeting information discovery and educational needs of a small organization that advocates on behalf of injured workers for legal and social justice within Ontario's workers' compensation system. The authors include an overview of the thesaurus project and the historical context of workers' compensation. They discuss the use of Cognitive Work Analysis as an evaluation methodology particularly appropriate to both the material and the clinic's culture of collaboration, with examples of its application in practice and some lessons learned.
KEYWORDS: thesaurus, special libraries, socially responsive design, workers compensation, social justice, Cognitive Work Analysis
An Examination of the Practical and Ethical Issues Surrounding False Memoirs in Cataloging Practice
ABSTRACT: False memoirs are, in essence, autobiographical works that are presented initially as nonfiction, but are proven to be entirely or partially fabricated. These works are described as nonfiction when they are cataloged initially, but when the controversy surrounding them comes to light, there is uncertainty about what, if anything, to do about the contents of the bibliographic record if the work is retained in the collection. This study examines the practical concerns of cataloging false memoirs, such as changing the class number, modifying subject headings, and adding notes, as well as the ethical implications of these actions.
KEYWORDS: false memoirs, cataloging ethics, cataloging practice, subject cataloging, classification, catalog maintenance
Reflections of Ranganathan's Normative Principles of Cataloging in RDA
ABSTRACT: Unlike its predecessor Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition (AACR2), Resource Description and Access (RDA) has incorporated principles and objectives at the beginning of the code. This article is an attempt to make a comparative study between the practical applications of the principles of RDA with that of the Normative Principles of cataloging of S. R. Ranganathan. It is found that the instructions of RDA are much more in compliance with the scientific principles of Ranganathan than the RDA principles recorded at the beginning of the code. The outcome of the study is presented in two different ways. Tabular presentation of the same is made at the beginning followed by analytical studies.
KEYWORDS: RDA principles, RDA instructions and guidelines, Normative Principles of Cataloging, Ranganathan's principles and canons of cataloging