Volume 54, no. 2, 2016


Book Reviews

RDA Made Simple: A Practical Guide to the New Cataloging Rules by Amy Hart
Reviewed by Elizabeth Shoemaker

Original Articles

High-Quality Metadata and Repository Staffing: Perceptions of United States–Based OpenDOAR Participants
Heather Moulaison Sandy & Felicity Dykas

ABSTRACT: Digital repositories require good metadata, created according to community-based principles that include provisions for interoperability. When metadata is of high quality, digital objects become sharable and metadata can be harvested and reused outside of the local system. A sample of U.S.-based repository administrators from the OpenDOAR initiative were surveyed to understand aspects of the quality and creation of their metadata, and how their metadata could improve. Most respondents (65%) thought their metadata was of average quality; none thought their metadata was high quality or poor quality. The discussion argues that increased strategic staffing will alleviate many perceived issues with metadata quality.

KEYWORDS: Metadata, OpenDOAR, digital repositories, quality metadata, repository staffing

Semiotic Principles for Metadata Auditing and Evaluation
Erik Radio

ABSTRACT: Metadata auditing is a common practice used to assess quality by drawing on a selection of documents to create a representative sample of the corpus. This article examines common techniques involved in auditing and argues that underlying semiotic principles should be considered before remediation and transformation work are undertaken. This article provides an inquiry into the structural nature of metadata, records, and corpora to analyze the semiotic processes and boundaries that can affect audits. Suggestions for effective auditing practices are offered as well as what can be obfuscated when transformations are undertaken without concern for the sign-functions of metadata.

KEYWORDS: Semiotics, metadata auditing, quality control, digital libraries, quality metrics

FRSAD, Semiotics, and FRBR-LRM
Ted Gemberling

ABSTRACT: Philosophy grapples with the deepest and most difficult questions in human life. In a 2012 article, Jonathan Furner raises questions about the "Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data" (FRSAD) model. Can the FRSAD framers really avoid tackling philosophical questions as they attempt to do—the long-running dispute between nominalists and realists, in particular? This article attempts to flesh out a realist position while showing some implications for the new Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records-Library Reference Model. It is not clear that FRSAD really takes a realist view, as Furner claims, and a position on the nominalist–realist debate is not necessary for information professionals.

KEYWORDS: FRSAD, nature of subjects, nominalist–realist debate, semiotics, theory and practice, history of philosophy, library reference model



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