, Violet B. Fox, Editor
When Good Enough Is Not Good Enough: Resolving Cataloging Issues for High Density Storage
Mary S. Laskowski
ABSTRACT: This article identifies issues with cataloging backlogs and quality control, particularly relating to the subsequent ingest of content into library high density storage. Results of a pilot project at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are used to demonstrate the high cost of retroactively addressing cataloging concerns, and how not addressing them contributes to issues in discovery and access. Changes in local cataloging standards, and criteria for how to assess a cost/benefit ratio for quality cataloging are also discussed.
KEYWORDS: High density storage, cataloging backlogs, academic libraries
Large-Scale RDA Enrichment of Legacy Data at the University of Houston System Libraries
Annie Wu, Richard Guajardo & Stephanie Rodriguez
ABSTRACT: University of Houston (UH) Libraries, along with three other UH Systems libraries, took the initiative to implement Resource Description and Access (RDA), the new resource description standard, across their shared library database. An RDA Implementation Task Force was established to develop a plan and a strategy for the implementation process. The task force targeted a major goal of retrospective enrichment of all existing bibliographic records with RDA elements. This article discusses the RDA implementation planning, systems configuration, vendor collaboration, local RDA guidelines, training, and communication. Authors also identify challenges, benefits, and lessons learned from this process.
KEYWORDS: Resource Description and Access (RDA), RDA implementation, retrospective data conversion, RDA enrichment, resource description standard, bibliographic data enrichment, catalog maintenance, authority control
From Record Management to Data Management: RDA and New Application Models BIBFRAME, RIMMF, and OliSuite/WeCat
Mauro Guerrini & Tiziana Possemato
ABSTRACT: The reflection provoked by RDA produced the awareness that the flat format of MARC 21 records is inadequate in expressing the relationships between bibliographic entities that the FRBR model and RDA standard consider fundamental. RIMMF and BIBFRAME indicate to software developers a way to think that is consistent with RDA. In Italy, @Cult, a software house and bibliographic agency working for Casalini Libri, has taken on the charge of following and facilitating the transition: OliSuite/WeCat provides an implementation of RDA that integrates vocabularies and ontologies already present in the Web by structuring the information in linked open data.
KEYWORDS: RDA, RIMMF, BIBFRAME, OliSuite/Wecat, linked data, Semantic Web, RDF
VIOLET B. FOX
Welcome to the news column. Its purpose is to disseminate information on any aspect of cataloging and classification that may be of interest to the cataloging community. This column is not just intended for news items, but serves to document discussions of interest as well as news concerning you, your research efforts, and your organization. Please send any pertinent materials, notes, minutes, or reports to: Violet Fox via email at, phone: 320-363-3032. Following their publication in CCQ, news columns will be freely available from the CCQ website at .
We would appreciate receiving items having to do with:
Research and Opinion
International UDC Seminar 2015: Classification & Authority Control: Expanding Resource Discovery
Lisbon, PortugalOctober 29–30, 2015
Report submitted by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett
The fifth biennial seminar of the International Universal Decimal Classification (IUDC) met at the National Library of Portugal in Lisbon. The seminar this year was organized by Aida Slavic and Inês Cordeiro with participants from around the world. All the presentations were published in a nice volume that was presented to the participants upon registration:
Classification & Authority Control: Expanding Resource Discovery. Proceedings of the International UDC Seminar, 29-30 October 2015, Lisbon, Portugal. Organized by the UDC Consortium, The Hague. Edited by Aida Slavic & Maria Inês Cordeiro. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2015. 248 p. (ISBN: 978-3-95650-124-1)
The keynote speaker, Michael Buckland, provided an overview of controlled vocabularies (especially Universal Decimal Classification [UDC] and the Library of Congress Subject Headings) and relationships as they pertain to classification. As for "links," he noted, "making links is what users do when they walk around a library." His presentation entitled "Classification, Links, and Contexts" stated that many relationships are not logical and so computers that follow only logic will fall short. He recommended a wider range of relationships to better serve users in resource discovery.
The seminar itself was divided into six sessions plus posters. The presentations were of mixed quality and many did not keep to the topic of the seminar, authority control. Questions and answer sessions were handled differently depending on who was chairing the session, again with mixed results, with the best results coming when the chair took questions after each speaker's presentation.
The six sessions were:
At the end of the second day, time was set aside to report on UDC updates, and a panel of speakers reviewed the seminar highlights with discussion of plans for the next seminar in two years' time. No conclusions for a topic were made.
Our gracious host, Inês Cordeiro, provided a fascinating tour of the National Library following the conference exploring the public and staff spaces as well as the stacks, including a demonstration of the latest techniques in conservation/preservation and a walk through the heating/air conditioning units that were installed in the newer part of the library.
[More information about the seminar is available on the UDC Consortium website: ]
Northern Ohio Technical Services Librarians (NOTSL) Fall 2015 Meeting: Don't Be Afraid of the Big, Bad BIBFRAME (Or Linked Data!)
Parma, OhioOctober 30, 2015
Report submitted by Margaret Beecher Maurer, Associate Professor, Emeritus, Kent State University Libraries
The Northern Ohio Technical Services Librarians (NOTSL) 2015 Fall meeting featured an informative presentation on the Library of Congress (LC) Bibliographic Framework (BIBFRAME) Pilot by Paul Frank. Frank is the Acting Coordinator of the Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) and Subject Authority Cooperative (SACO) Programs at LC, and managed the BIBFRAME Pilot. BIBFRAME is the LC project to experiment with transitioning cataloging from MARC to a Linked Data environment, which is projected to optimize cataloging for the World Wide Web. Phase One BIBFRAME Pilot training had just wrapped up on September 30 and Frank was able to speak from the perspective of lessons learned. He began the presentation by providing background training in Linked Data and Semantic Web principles. He also discussed the development of the BIBFRAME Editor Profiles, cataloging using the Editor, and concluded with a demonstration of the Editor.
According to Frank, libraries have unique experience identifying, structuring, and organizing data, and no other community works with authorities as much or as well as libraries do. But libraries need to translate MARC skills into a Linked Data context. The BIBFRAME Editor uses the Resource Description Framework (RDF) data model (RDF XML) to express bibliographic relationships as triple statements. The goal here is to "… transition from a static two-dimensional collocated record to decentralized data with links to illuminate scholarship." The entire process also moves catalogers even further from the human readable card, with catalogers' work becoming increasingly about supporting and fostering the machine understanding of the data. Within the BIBFRAME Editor the concept of a bibliographic record becomes obsolete, and transitions to a bibliographic description and a graph of RDF links to controlled vocabularies.
With input from catalogers, BIBFRAME Editor Profiles were developed that mapped to Resource Description and Access (RDA) elements and to the Bibliographic Record Cooperative (BIBCO) and Cooperative Online Serials (CONSER) Standard Records. During the development of the BIBFRAME Editor Profiles, Frank confirmed that catalogers and programmers do not think alike. For example, the concept of direct transcription is foreign to programmers, who would prefer to link to an authorized form in place of publication. Programmers also did not understand the value in a left anchored search. They did not understand that there could be more than one person with the same name, or that we might need to see the authority record. Frank's role was to communicate issues like these to the programmers.
During September 2015 forty LC catalogers successfully created new BIBFRAME descriptions for monographs, serials, notated music, sound recordings, audio visual and cartographic resources, and a great deal was learned. The Pilot revealed how mentally dependent the catalogers are on MARC tagging to anchor their concepts. Currently a deep knowledge of the container (MARC 21) is needed for cataloging. One important goal of the Pilot was to try to free catalogers from the burden of understanding the details of RDF. Also, the BIBFRAME work forms originally assumed a workflow that began rather than ended with the authority work, and the catalogers preferred to do the description first. It was also discovered that the current BIBFRAME software is very literal in its searching. Within the Editor the subject subdivisions were stored as space-dash-dash-space dash defined strings (rather than within subfields), which meant that free-floating subdivision combination identifiers might need to be created on the fly. There were also issues with how to accommodate all of the information currently stored in the indicators. This was a fascinating peek at work under the developmental hood. Frank complimented the catalogers for their tolerance, flexibility, and willingness to really test out the software during the Pilot.
The program also featured BIBFRAME for Dummies: What Can Catalogers Do Now? presented by Roman Panchyshyn, Catalog Librarian and Assistant Professor, Kent State University Libraries. Two questions were addressed by Panchyshyn: What can catalogers do now to prepare for BIBFRAME? and
In Panchyshyn's opinion we are still years from abandoning MARC-based systems, due to needed Integrated Library System (ILS) and data transmission development. There was also some discussion about data access and conversion issues. Workflows would need to be redesigned, and staff skill sets would require adjustment and updating. Libraries must also determine who will be responsible for curating the vocabularies and datasets on a national and international scale. Clearly libraries interested in BIBFRAME participation will need specific tools, training, staff resources, hardware, and software. This all requires a financial investment and administrative support.
Catalogers could work now to increase the number of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) in our bibliographic records, perhaps through increasing participation in NACO and SACO, or through the use of tools such as Terry Reese's MARCNext. Libraries could maximize the functionality of legacy data in a Linked Data future through data normalization projects, and by participating in RDA enrichment projects. However, Panchyshyn cautioned that decentralization may not be the best model for libraries given that search functionality on the Internet is focused on maximizing the number of hits found.
Panchyshyn professed that in order to make the Linked Data work for libraries, catalogers must participate in and control the conversion process. If catalogers do not understand how Linked Data Editors work, they will only understand the data entry portions of the process.
Both speakers provided copies of their slides, which are available at.
SWIB15: Semantic Web in Libraries
Hamburg, GermanyNovember 23-25, 2015
Organized by the Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften/Leibniz Information Centre for Economics and the North Rhine-Westphalian Library Service Centre, SWIB focuses on the latest developments in Linked Open Data (LOD) as it relates to libraries. The keynotes for SWIB15 were "Maximising (Re)Usability of Library Metadata Using Linked Data" by Asunción Gómez Pérez of the Technical University of Madrid, Spain, and "The Digital Cavemen of Linked Lascaux" by Ruben Verborgh of Ghent University, Belgium. Other sessions included workshops on Catmandu and the Enhancing Europe's eXchange in Cultural Educational and Scientific reSources (EEXCESS) Framework as well as thoughts on the history and future of library metadata from Thomas Johnson of the Digital Public Library of America and Karen Coyle. There were also reports on specific projects including crowdsourcing cultural heritage data from the Europeana Foundation and implementing LOD for faculty publications and identity management at the American University in Cairo, Egypt.
More information, including keynote videos and presentation slides, can be found at the SWIB15 website:.
RDA governance transition initiated
From the RDA Steering Committee: On Friday, November 6, 2015, the first step in implementing the recent review of the RDA Governance Model was taken with the launch of the new governance branding. At a reception, which followed the Joint Steering Committee meeting in Edinburgh, the names of the Committee of Principals and Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA changed to the RDA Board and RDA Steering Committee (RSC).
Chair of the RDA Board, Simon Edwards, said "This first step in the implementation of the Governance Review is an important one. It signals an important step in our commitment to further internationalise RDA. This year's Joint Steering Committee meeting was an ideal opportunity to launch the new branding as the location of the meeting has attracted representatives from a range of European countries who have come to observe the meeting and attend other satellite events. The location and range of satellite events further demonstrates our commitment to moving the meeting around and using the opportunity to engage with the wider community."
The RDA Board has agreed on a 4–5 year program of activity to enable the current structure to move, over time, toward the new governing structure. The key principles governing the transition include:
The reception also included the launch of the rebranded RDA Steering Committee website, which can be accessed at. The website also includes information about the RDA Board.
Daily reports from RDA Steering Committee meetings available
John Attig, Distinguished Librarian Monograph Cataloging Librarian at Pennsylvania State University, issues in-depth reports from meetings of the Joint Steering Committee (and now the RDA Steering Committee) at his blog:. Attig's blog includes daily summaries of debates on discussion papers and proposals. The site is an excellent resource for up-to-date and detailed information about the deliberations of the RDA Steering Committee.
French Bibliographic Transition Program website launched
From the Bibliothèque nationale de France:
A new webpage in English ( ) updates the international community about the French position on RDA and delineates the Bibliographic Transition Program established in November 2014 by the two national bibliographic agencies, the National Library of France (Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF) and the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education (Agence bibliographique de l'enseignement supérieur, ABES). The Bibliographic Transition website ( ) launched in 2015 and provides resources and news on all topics related to the latest changes in bibliographic information: new cataloguing rules, ongoing standardization, training sessions, the evolutions of information retrieval, and more.
IFLA Metadata Newsletter available
Three sections of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) began publishing a new online bulletin in June 2015. IFLA Metadata Newsletter is published by the IFLA Cataloguing Section, the Bibliography Section, and the Classification & Indexing Section, and is intended to report on the ongoing work of those sections and IFLA standards development. The newsletter will also feature news from around the world related to cataloging, subject access, and national bibliographies, including reports from conferences and information about recent publications. The second issue was released in December 2015; all issues are freely available at.
New MLIS scholarship created in honor of Dr. Robert Ellett
From the San Jose State University School of Information:
Thanks to the generous contributions of alumna Janice Wakimoto, the School of Information at San José State University (SJSU) established a new scholarship for students enrolled in the Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) program. Wakimoto's passion for cataloging and her admiration for her cataloging professor, Dr. Robert O. Ellett, Jr., led to her decision to create the new scholarship. According to Wakimoto, she decided to establish the scholarship as a way to thank Ellett, who passed away in early 2013, for all he did for her and for other students. "I also want to encourage current SLIS students to experience cataloging," said Wakimoto. "My hope is that students who are deeply invested in librarianship, especially cataloging, will have an opportunity to complete their studies and go on to become well-prepared, hardworking librarians." The scholarship, specifically for MLIS students who study cataloging, is awarded yearly to two students each receiving $1,000 to help with their tuition expenses.
EDUG recommendations for best practice in mapping involving Dewey Decimal Classification released
From the European DDC Users Group (EDUG):
For some years mapping has been one of the main tasks in the EDUG member countries. While the International Standards Organization (ISO) standard on mapping and interoperability with other vocabularies (ISO 25964-2) gives some advice on creating mappings between a thesaurus and, for example, a classification system, it does not deal with Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) specifically. The EDUG members have felt a growing need to discuss and record the knowledge acquired in mapping projects where either the source or the target vocabulary is DDC.
The recommendations are the result of a seminar on mapping that took place in connection with the EDUG annual meeting in April 2015. The recommendations are not exhaustive and will be subject to change as EDUG members gain more experience in this field of work. We still hope that institutions planning to embark on a mapping project to/from DDC, may find the guidelines helpful.
The full set of recommendations is available from the EDUG website:.
ISMN (International Standard Music Number) update 2015
Report submitted by Hartmut Walravens, ISMN Chairman
The ISMN community is based on the work of 57 agencies all over the world, the newest member being Malta. Myanmar and Rwanda are the next members. At the beginning, in 1993, the major music producing countries were the focus of activity, now it is the smaller countries which want to identify their publications to make them available to the world market. The International Agency will mount information on its website to explain the advantages of the ISMN to small countries as the question is asked frequently: "Why should we make an effort to introduce a standard if only, let's say, 10 items of notated music are being produced per annum?" This year's Annual General Meeting (AGM) was held at Kuta, Bali, Indonesia, by kind invitation of the National Library of Indonesia and, as in recent years, the ISMN and International Standard Book Number (ISBN) AGMs were aligned timewise. As both standards are often administered by the same office at the same institutions this has proved a great advantage and a money saver.
Our hosts spoiled the participants not only by their excellent organization but also by a lavish social program.
The ISMN has been operational in Indonesia for a number of years, and it was pleasing to learn that our last AGM in the country, at Yogyakarta in 2008, apparently gave an impetus to efforts to record traditional Indonesian music to preserve it for the future. The present worldwide social and economic development breaks tradition lines and it can no longer be taken for granted that music will continue being passed on from master to pupil.
Based on the response to the systematic review of ISMN the International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee (ISO/TC 46) meeting decided that there was no immediate need for changes. A few minor updates were included in the online version of the ISMN Manual, however.
Thus it may be said that the ISMN proved to be a successful identifier. But nevertheless, there are still challenges: One is an evergreen, so to speak: As ISMN became a standard only in 1993 major music publishers used ISBNs for their publications. They continued to do so in many countries even after the introduction of the ISMN, and it is not easy to persuade those publishers to switch overthey have their numbers, and they work!
In some countries the supply chain is more directed towards ISBN than ISMN usesmall wonder, and in cooperation with the main stakeholders the International Agency is trying to solve resulting problemssometimes they are more of an organisational and financial matter (adaptation of software) than a technical issue. But solutions have to be found!
Thus Amazon did not want to accept ISMNs in some countries. They wanted music publishers to use ISBNs instead (a breach of ISO standards). This problem could be solved with the help of GS1 who updated their GTIN Guide accordingly. The U.S. branch updated its national guide last year, and the global guide will follow next January. GTIN is the Global Trade Item Number, and identifiers like the ISBN and the ISMN are global trade item numbers.
ISMN does not have the same concerns about ebooks as ISBN. While it is popular to license or download notated music online there are few people who want to read the scores on a Kindle or a cell phone.
While ONline Information eXchange (ONIX) as a trade protocol in the book world has been quite successful no application has been written for notated music yet. Some of the major distributors are satisfied with MARC formats, and there does not seem to be enough demand in the music sector.
In the Netherlands, Donemus, the music publisher, who had taken over ISMN work after the disbanding of the Dutch Music Institute, declared that they could not continue; therefore, nationwide efforts are being made to find a suitable agency.
In Spain, the Ministry of Culture, who had taken care of ISMN from the beginning, also wants to give up ISMN, probably because of the tight public budget. In this case AEDEM, the Spanish Music Publishers Association, is willing to take over.
The ISMN AGM in 2016 is scheduled to take place in September in Vienna. The meeting will probably be held at the Austrian National Library and will be hosted by the Agency for German-speaking Countries, based in Hürth (near Cologne).
"Exploring Shelf-Ready Services" report released
Co-Chairs, CARLI Technical Services Committee: Keith Eiten, Buswell Memorial Library, Wheaton College and Lauren Noel, Columbia College Library
For the 2014-15 year, the Technical Services Committee of the Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois (CARLI) studied the experiences of some of its member libraries with shelf-ready cataloging and processing services. On April 17, 2015 at the University of Illinois at Chicago, the committee held a members' forum, which included a panel discussion by representatives from three CARLI member libraries. The committee also solicited written responses from two additional libraries. The final report, entitled "Exploring Shelf-Ready Services," is a compilation of these comments, along with two other presentations and a bibliography on this topic.
Over the past several years, shelf-readythe outsourcing of cataloging and processing serviceshas become a controversial topic in the library world. This report examines the implications of shelf-ready services, both operationally and organizationally. Additionally, it explores general questions such as: What is the interest in setting up a shelf-ready service? What is involved in implementing such a service? What is the impact on workflow and staffing as a result of this service? How can quality control be assured?
Before delving into such details, the report addresses the question, just what exactly are "shelf-ready" materials? A very basic definition is: a collection of materials received from a vendor or publisher that comes with catalog records and physical processing already in place. A report from a research team at the University of California Libraries (The Power of Three team) broadens this definition to include prospective collections in all formats, including electronic monographs acquired on a title-by-title basis, as well as retrospective processing of existing collections.
For those of us new to this topic, there are a variety of shelf-ready options in the marketplace. For example, vendors offer a range of services from brief order records, e-invoicing, final catalog records, and any number of physical processes such as attaching barcodes, property stamps, anti-theft strips, spine labels, dust jacket covers, paperback book cover reinforcements, and so on. It is also worth noting that these services can be customized in a flexible way to a modular or granular level, depending on each library's needs. When beginning a shelf-ready program, the library sets up a profile designating which services and processes the vendor should apply to a given category of resources. Some time may be spent after this in testing and adjusting those parameters.
It may be helpful to keep in mind some of the most common reasons for considering shelf-ready services. Two main reasons for shelf-ready implementation across libraries of all sizes are: (1) the need to improve materials turnaround time and (2) the desire to redeploy staff for other projects or tasks.
"Exploring Shelf-Ready Services" is available on the CARLI website:(HTML version), or .
Dorothy Anderson, 1923–2015
Submitted by Ross Bourne, formerly British Library, now retired
I have known Dorothy Anderson for many years and it was with great sadness that I heard about her death. As it happens, although we met for the first time only 40 or so years ago, we turned out to have had a lot in common. We were both brought up in Christchurch, New Zealand, although Dorothy moved to this country some years before I did.
But it was when I started work at the British Library in the mid-1970s that I first made contact with Dorothy. We did not work in the same department, and in fact Dorothy was employed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) and had been given working space by the British Library. As a national library, the British Library is not only involved in co-operation with libraries in this country but also with those abroad, especially other national libraries. The picture is a very different one now, thanks to the omniscience of automation, but in the 1970s computers were few and far between and the opportunities for co-operation were somewhat limited. Basically, libraries throughout the world needed to communicate with one another on book publication, so standards on how they should be catalogued in a way that could be applied across the world started to be introduced. The office Dorothy headed was called the IFLA International Office for Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC). Her task was to disseminate information about how standardization should be achieved, and she did so from an office situated in the grounds of the British Museum (which is where the British Library used to be housed, prior to its move to St Pancras). This dissemination took place through a variety of means, by international conferences and through publications, notably a quarterly journal called "International Cataloguing," which Dorothy edited.
I met Dorothy through just such means; my work involved journals, magazines and other serial publications published in this country, and we would often meet both at home and abroad. As well as co-ordinating cataloguing standards among developed countries, we would visit developing countries as well, sometimes under a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) umbrella, to tell them about the advantages of following these standards.
Dorothy was a superb organizer and she was greatly respected by all who came into contact with her. She retired in the early 1980s and her departure was much felt. When I moved to Salisbury 15 years ago my wife and I used to meet up with her in Bath from time to time and we would enjoy recalling not just our experiences. But there is another facet of Dorothy that I ought to mention. She was also a historian of some repute, and some of her books are indeed obtainable through Amazon.
At her funeral, which I attended, many who also knew her recalled her resilience and strength of character. I suspect that without her pioneering work in the 1970s and 1980s much of what is being achieved by libraries today in the field of bibliographic co-operation would not be as successful.
Magda El-Sherbini awarded Margaret Mann Citation
Magda El-Sherbini received the 2015 Margaret Mann Citation at the American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference in June 2015. Awarded by The Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS), the Mann Citation recognizes outstanding professional achievement in cataloging or classification. Head of the Cataloging Department at The Ohio State University Libraries since 1996, El-Sherbini also teaches as an adjunct professor at the Kent State University School of Library and Information Science. El-Sherbini's contributions to the library profession include research, teaching, and service. Her most recent publication, "RDA: Strategies for Implementation," received excellent reviews and is used in many library school programs. She has also been actively involved in a number of professional organizations and committees on all levels: international, national, state, and local.
Mary Huismann awarded Nancy B. Olson Award
Mary Huismann (University of Minnesota) was awarded the annual Nancy B. Olson Award at the Online Audiovisual Cataloging (OLAC) meeting at the ALA Annual Conference in June 2015. The award recognizes and honors a librarian who has made significant contributions to the advancement and understanding of audiovisual cataloging. Her award recognizes Huismann for her work to ensure that her fellow music and audiovisual catalogers have access to clear, detailed best practices documentation for RDA. She is honored for her outstanding contributions, including leading many workshops on cataloging sound recordings and media, contributions to standards development and interpretation through committee membership and leadership, and for her vital contributions to OLAC, notably her service as chair of the CAPC (Cataloging Policy Committee) during a time of great change.
Carlen Ruschoff awarded Ross Atkinson Award
Carlen Ruschoff, Director of Technical Services & Strategic Initiatives at the University of Maryland Libraries, received the Ross Atkinson Lifetime Achievement Award at the ALA Annual Conference in June 2015. The award is given to recognize the contribution of a library leader through demonstrated exceptional service to ALCTS and its areas of interest (acquisitions, cataloging and metadata, collection management, continuing resources, and preservation and reformatting). Ruschoff has an extensive record of leadership within ALCTS, having served as president of ALCTS, chaired the Cataloging and Classification Section, and chaired the Margaret Mann Citation Jury. Her leadership expands beyond ALA and ALCTS, including serving as chair of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) as well as roles on the Center for Research Libraries' Collections and Services Advisory Committee and the National Information Standards Organization Standards Committee. Her scholarship has also been extensive and of great impact and exemplifies a forward-thinking approach to technical services and collection management.