Volume 55, no. 1, 2017


Book Reviews

Cataloging & Managing Film and Video Collections: A Guide to Using RDA and MARC 21
by Colin Higgins.
Reviewed by Mary Huismann

Managing Metadata in Web-Scale Discovery Systems
by Louise F. Spiteri.
Reviewed by Elizabeth Hertenstein

Original Articles

Using OpenRefine's Reconciliation to Validate Local Authority Headings
Scott Carlson & Amber Seely

ABSTRACT: In 2015, the Cataloging and Metadata Services department of Rice University's Fondren Library developed a process to reconcile four years of authority headings against an internally developed thesaurus. With a goal of immediate cleanup as well as an ongoing maintenance procedure, staff developed a "hack" of OpenRefine's normal Reconciliation function that ultimately yielded 99.6% authority reconciliation and a stable process for monthly data verification.

KEYWORDS: Data reconciliation, authority control, thesauri, OpenRefine, digital archives, linked data

Students' Viewpoint: What Constitutes Presence in an Online Classroom?
Lala Hajibayova

ABSTRACT: In this exploratory study, a community of inquiry framework was used to investigate students' perceptions of the efficacy and quality of online information organization and abstracting and indexing classes. It was found that participants valued not only the flexibility of online education, but also the instructor's timely engagement and reflection. Study participants emphasized the necessity of the instructor's frequent engagement through various modes of communication, such as virtual and face-to-face office hours and email. Participants' interest in asynchronous instruction mode was also observed. These findings are in line with previous studies emphasizing the importance of teaching presence in online classrooms. This study contributes to understanding students' perceptions of the quality of online learning and teaching.

KEYWORDS: Online teaching, information organization, indexing and abstracting, presence in online classrooms, social presence, cognitive presence, teaching presence

Foundations of Digital Universities
Vincenzo Maltese & Fausto Giunchiglia

ABSTRACT: Universities need to maintain data about various resources. They include intellectual creations that are the focus of (Digital) Libraries, but also courses, research projects, and people. Data about intellectual creations are maintained in institutional repositories, while data about courses, research projects, and people reside in various databases designed to support specific vertical applications. We propose a uniform treatment of such resources leading to Digital Universities, i.e., a set of key resources, methodologies, and tools appropriately organized to effectively support universities' users. This requires new methodologies, data models, authority control mechanisms, and system infrastructures that are able to support a broader range of services.

KEYWORDS: Digital libraries and archives, decision support systems, digital universities, metadata, authority control



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