Volume 56, no. 1, 2018


 

Book Reviews

Werkstätten des Wissens zwischen Renaissance und Aufklärung,
by Helmut Zedelmaier.
Reviewed by Florian Ehrensperger

Developing Digital Scholarship: Emerging Practices in Academic Libraries
by Louise F. Spiteri.
Reviewed by Andrew Weiss




Original Articles


Rooted in the Past: Use of "East Indians" in Library of Congress Subject Headings
Paromita Biswas

ABSTRACT: This article argues that the use of the Library of Congress subject heading "East Indians" in reference to individuals from India represents not only a problematic vestige of colonialism, but also a failure of the principle of literary warrant. It provides an overview of the term's historical roots and then examines whether the term is still widely used in published resources. Although assigning a subject heading is not easy and can involve a choice between contested realities of diverse peoples, the author contends that a rejection of outdated terminology is central to providing any culturally sensitive tool for resource organization.

KEYWORDS: East Indians, Library of Congress Subject Headings, literary warrant, colonial bias, Indians (India)


Concept Relationships in Knowledge Organization Systems: Elements for Analysis and Common Research Among Fields
Walter Moreira & Daniel Martínez-Ávila

ABSTRACT: Knowledge organization systems have been studied in several fields and for different and complementary aspects. Among the aspects that concentrate common interests, in this article we highlight those related to the terminological and conceptual relationships among the components of any knowledge organization system. This research aims to contribute to the critical analysis of knowledge organization systems, especially ontologies, thesauri, and classification systems, by the comprehension of its similarities and differences when dealing with concepts and their ways of relating to each other as well as to the conceptual design that is adopted.

KEYWORDS: Concept relationships, knowledge organization systems, ontologies, thesauri


Is BIBFRAME 2.0 a Suitable Schema for Exchanging and Sharing Diverse Descriptive Metadata about Bibliographic Resources?
Shoichi Taniguchi

ABSTRACT: This article examines BIBFRAME 2.0 from the viewpoint of a metadata schema for diverse descriptive metadata about bibliographic resources, that is, whether the present BIBFRAME is suitable for the exchange and sharing of such metadata. First, an overview of the BIBFRAME model built with core classes and properties is provided. Secondly, under the multi-class structure of BIBFRAME, a way of defining the domain of the properties in BIBFRAME is examined. Thirdly, possible other ways of defining the properties' domain are discussed and compared with that of BIBFRAME. Finally, a more suitable way of defining the domain is explored.

KEYWORDS: BIBFRAME, metadata schema, metadata vocabulary, multi-class structure, RDF, vocabulary mapping


UNIMARC Format Relevance: Maintenance or Replacement?
Rosa Maria Galvão

ABSTRACT: This article presents an empirical study focused on a qualitative analysis of the UNIMARC format. An analysis of the structural quality of the data provided by the format is evaluated to determine its current suitability for meeting the requirements and trends in data architecture for the information network and the Semantic Web. Driven by a set of quality characteristics that identify weaknesses in the data schema that cannot be bridged by simply converting data to MARC XML or RDF/XML, we conclude that the UNIMARC format is not compliant with the current metadata schema desiderata and must be replaced.

KEYWORDS: UNIMARC format, bibliographic standards, metadata schema, bibliographic data – interoperability, case studies


Library of Congress Subject Headings Related to Indigenous Peoples: Changing LCSH for Use in a Canadian Archival Context
Christine Bone & Brett Lougheed

ABSTRACT: The Association for Manitoba Archives has created a database where members can deposit archival descriptions to provide a central search for users. Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) were chosen as the controlled subject vocabulary to use in the descriptions, but changes were made to LCSH to better describe material about or by Indigenous peoples. Examples include: the word "Indian"; geographic place embedded in terms such as "Indians of North America"; changes related to Manitoba peoples specifically; and miscellaneous changes not part of a larger pattern. New terms were also added.

KEYWORDS: Indigenous peoples: Indians of North America, library of Congress Subject Headings, Manitoba Archival Information Network (MAIN), Archives, Manitoba, Canada


Assessment of Metadata Quality of the Swedish National Bibliography through Mapping User Awareness
Eva-Maria Häusner & Ylva Sommerland

ABSTRACT: This article is examining if the metadata quality of the Swedish National Bibliography could be measured through mapping the level of user awareness regarding the characteristics of the data. A qualitative meta-synthesis was carried out and results from two previous studies conducted at the National Library of Sweden were interpreted and conceptualized through an integrated analyze. The results of the meta-synthesis showed a need for an action plan for increasing user awareness to efficiently reach target groups of national bibliographic data at its fullest potential, i.e. user awareness on the usability and the quality of the metadata.

KEYWORDS: Cataloging evaluation/quality analysis, metadata, national libraries, meta-synthesis, user awareness






 

 


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