Volume 56, no. 7 2018


Original Articles

LCSH in the Southern Levant

Steven W. Holloway

ABSTRACT: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) geographic headings for the Southern Levant mirror the political investment of Congress and the American public in Middle East politics over the last thirty years. These LCSH headings contrast markedly with those established in other national libraries and independent value vocabularies, and global opinion regarding the legal status of the occupied territories. The author offers ways that libraries can "decolonize" their metadata in service of Sanford Berman's "access and equity."

KEYWORDS: Cataloging, Congress, decolonization, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, Israel, Library of Congress, Library of Congress Subject Headings, Palestine, Southern Levant, West Bank

Digital Transformation Challenges for Universities: Ensuring Information Consistency Across Digital Services

Vincenzo Maltese

ABSTRACT: Universities struggle to offer complete, up-to-date and consistent information about their key assets to their numerous users across various digital services and communication channels. Key assets include people, papers, books, dissertations, patents, courses, and research projects. The main difficulty stands in the intrinsic data fragmentation and data diversity: data about the key assets is scattered across multiple information silos, data is often duplicated and difficult to correlate due to the diversity in the format, metadata, conventions, and terminology used. We illustrate how this difficulty can be tackled and describe the work carried out at the University of Trento in Italy.

KEYWORDS: Entity-relationship modeling, controlled vocabularies, digital repositories, discovery platforms and services, institutional repositories, metadata

An Amicable Divorce: Programmatic Derivation of Faceted Data from Library of Congress Subject Headings for Music

Casey A. Mullin

ABSTRACT: Music catalogers have embraced in current cataloging the flexibility, intuitiveness, and expressivity afforded by the Library of Congress’s new faceted vocabularies. In order to realize the full benefits to discovery these vocabularies offer, however, methods for programmatically assigning faceted terms retrospectively to existing metadata for music resources are required in order to mitigate the costs of manual enhancement of legacy data. This article describes efforts to repurpose existing Library of Congress Subject Headings as faceted data, taking advantage of recent developments in the MARC 21 formats. Limitations inherent to this process and ideas for future directions are described.

KEYWORDS: Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), Library of Congress Medium of Performance Thesaurus (LCMPT), Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT), music cataloging, controlled vocabulary mapping

Complexity of Work Families and Entity-Based Visualization Displays

Athena Salaba, Tanja Merčun & Trond Aalberg

ABSTRACT: Conceptual modeling of bibliographic data, including the FR models and the consolidated IFLA LRM, has provided an opportunity to shift focus to entities and relationships and to support hierarchical work-based exploration of bibliographic information. This paper reports on a study examining the complexity of a work's bibliographic family data and user interactions with data visualizations, compared to traditional displays. Findings suggest that the FRBR-based visual bibliographic information system supports work families of different complexities more equally than a traditional system. Differences between the two systems also show that the FRBR-based system was more effective especially for related-works and author-related tasks.

KEYWORDS: FRBR-based bibliographic data, work complexity, visualization, user research, library catalogs

Use of Dewey Decimal Classification by Academic Libraries in the United States

Brady Lund & Daniel Agbaji

ABSTRACT: Nearly 25 years have elapsed since the last comprehensive measure of the percentage of academic libraries that employ the Dewey and Library of Congress systems of classification. To provide updated statistics, the researchers surveyed all 3793 academic libraries via their online catalogs. The findings indicate that the use of Dewey has declined over the past four decades. Teachers' Colleges and Community Colleges in particular have higher rates of Dewey use than large research or professional universities. This information may help support academic library reclassification decisions.

KEYWORDS: Library classification, Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), Library of Congress Classification (LCC), reclassification academic libraries




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