Volume 57, no. 6 2019



Cataloging News, Sandra Roe, News Editor

Original Articles

Applying Library of Congress Demographic Group Characteristics for Creators
by Eric Willey & Angela Yon

ABSTRACT: This research project explores how to ethically, efficiently, and accurately add demographic terms for African American authors to catalog records. A Department of History graduate student located evidence of self-identification as African American for authors, and catalogers added the demographic term to bibliographic records and are in the process of creating work level Name Title Authority Records for titles written by those authors. This work is the beginning of systematically enhancing catalog data with author characteristics to support making such information available in faceted results.

KEYWORDS: Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms (LCDGT), Name Authority Records, linked data, Wikipedia, authority control, faceted searching

Towards a Better Description of Genre Archives: A Case Study of Travel Archives
by Lee Arnold & Thomas van der Walt

ABSTRACT: Researchers attempting to access genre archives are often stymied by insufficient metadata. They frequently overlook collections because a processing archivist may not have described those collections in a way which would have benefitted their research. Historic travel writing, often the end-product of a travel archive, generally focused on pilgrimages, exploration, adventure, and leisure. Yet finding these types of archives is a difficult task due to either too narrow/too broad or insufficient metadata. Archivists can play a more active role in helping these collections expand their audiences by making them more accessible.

KEYWORDS: Archival materials, case studies, subject access, travel archives

De-Professionalization of Cataloging and Classification Practitioners in the Digital Environment: Retooling and Reskilling Issues in Academic Libraries in Nigeria
by Kemi Jummai Olayemi & Olalekan Moses Olayemi

ABSTRACT: This article discusses issues of de-professionalization that is fast eroding cataloging and classification practices in academic libraries in Nigeria. It focuses on the factors that led to de-professionalization, its effect on cataloging and classification practices, and the need to re-strategize by retooling and reskilling the cataloging librarian in order to continue to remain relevant in the digital environment.

KEYWORDS: De-professionalization, digital environment, cataloging, classification, academic libraries in Nigeria, retooling, reskilling

Updating Place Names in the Name Authority File to Reflect Political Realities: The Cases of Crimea, Taiwan, and Myanmar
by John Hostage

ABSTRACT: There are certain place names in the name authority file that cause difficulties because their established forms do not reflect political realities. Names of jurisdictions are established on the basis of Resource Description & Access and the LC-PCC policy statements. The difficulties stem in part from the policy of the Library of Congress, as a U.S. government agency, to adhere to the decisions of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names, but also from a misunderstanding of the role of that board. The cases of Crimea, Taiwan, and Myanmar are examined. Recommendations are made for changes to the access points.

KEYWORDS: Descriptive cataloging, internationalization of cataloging, name authority files, geographic names, Crimea, Taiwan, Myanmar

Retrospective Conversion of Bibliographic Records in Nigerian Academic Libraries: An Empirical Study of Libraries using KOHA ILS
by Taofeek Abiodun Oladokun, Adekunle Emmanuel Oyadeyi & Abiodun Olaide Iyoro

ABSTRACT: Retrospective conversion of bibliographic records is not a recent practice among Nigerian academic libraries. However, the end product of this process, which is a functional Online Pubic Access Catalog (OPAC) has been underwhelming. This is due to various challenges that have hindered the libraries from achieving a successful retrospective conversion. Some of these challenges include unreliable software, lack of a union catalog, and sheer absence of exchange of information among the libraries. This study therefore measures the practices and experiences of twenty Nigerian University Libraries in the course of carrying out retrospective conversion of their resources using the KOHA library software. The study adopted a survey method of research with a self-developed questionnaire as the instrument of data collection. Data analysis was with the aid of the SPSS software and the presentation was done using simple frequency and percentage. Findings show that erratic power supply and low Internet bandwidth are the major challenges facing Nigerian libraries in the course of retrospective conversion.

KEYWORDS: Retrospective conversion, library automation, OPAC, academic libraries, KOHA

Cataloging News

Welcome to the news column. Its purpose is to disseminate information on any aspect of cataloging and classification that may be of interest to the cataloging community. This column is not just intended for news items, but serves to document discussions of interest as well as news concerning you, your research efforts, and your organization. Please send any pertinent materials, notes, minutes, or reports to: Sandra Roe via email at sandykroe@gmail.com. Following their publication in CCQ, news columns will be freely available from the CCQ website at http://catalogingandclassificationquarterly.com/.

We would appreciate receiving items having to do with:

Research and Opinion

  • Abstracts or reports of on-going or unpublished research
  • Bibliographies of materials available on specific subjects
  • Analysis or description of new technologies
  • Call for papers
  • Comments or opinions on the art of cataloging


  • Notes, minutes, or summaries of meetings, etc. of interest to catalogers
  • Publication announcements
  • Description of grants
  • Description of projects


  • Announcements of changes in personnel
  • Announcements of honors, offices, and so on
  • In memoriams

Research and opinion

Conversation between RSC and BIBFRAME

Linda Barnhart, RDA Steering Committee Secretary

Representatives of the RDA Steering Committee (RSC) and of the Organizer Group of the Annual BIBFRAME Workshops in Europe (among them Library of Congress/NDMSO, LD4P, and Share-VDE) began a conversation at the 2019 ALA Annual Conference in Washington, D.C. about the relationship and interoperability between RDA and BIBFRAME. The group identified short-term and longer-term tasks to pursue and will continue to meet and discuss. More information will be shared as it becomes available.

Call for papers: 16th ISKO CONFERENCE: Knowledge Organization at the Interface

July 6-8, 2020, Aalborg, Denmark

The conference will take place at Aalborg University, Department of Communication and Psychology, under the theme Knowledge organization at the interface. The conference explores the connected themes of knowledge organization systems and their role in knowledge organization, knowledge sharing, and information searching. The conference will consider practical solutions as well as the theory behind the design, development, and implementation of knowledge organizing systems, ranging from controlled vocabularies, classification systems, metadata schemas through to ontologies and taxonomies.

Topics include:

  • Knowledge organization across domains, media and technologies
  • Knowledge organization as understanding and communication
  • Knowledge organization as a driver for development and change

We welcome proposals for full papers, short papers, posters, round table discussions, and workshops. Deadline for submission of abstract for first review is October 1, 2019. All accepted papers will be published in the conference proceedings. For more information, see isko.aau.dk.

We look forward to welcoming the KO community to Aalborg, Denmark.

Marianne Lykke (Chair)
Tanja Svarre (Co-chair)
Mette Skov (Co-chair)

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter is published twice a year (June and December). The newsletter began in 2015 as a combined effort of three IFLA Section Standing Committees: Bibliography, Cataloguing, and Classification & Indexing (now Subject Analysis and Access).

These IFLA Sections each have their roots in Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC). UBC is the tenant that if all documents would be cataloged once by their country of origin using shared standards then we would have universal bibliographic control, and current UBC efforts are just as much about conceptual models and linked data formats as data exchange and rules for manual cataloguing. For more about UBC, see "IFLA's Professional Statement on UBC" at https://www.ifla.org/publications/node/7468.

This international newsletter is an excellent source of information about the work of these three IFLA Section Standing Committees. For the latest newsletter and the archive of previous ones, see https://www.ifla.org/publications/ node/92276?og=54. Contributions are welcome at any time, and may be sent to any one of the three co-editors. As of June 2019, the editors were: Jay Weitz Senior Consulting Database Specialist, WorldCat Metadata Quality, OCLC, USA, email: weitzj@oclc.org; Unni Knutsen Section Manager, Humanities and Social Sciences Library, University of Oslo, Norway, email: Unni.Knutsen@ub.uio.no; and Harriet Aagaard, Editor, Swedish Dewey Editorial Office, National Library of Sweden, Libris Department, email: harriet.aagaard@kb.se.

Building Strong LIS Education: A Call to Global and Local Action – An IFLA BSLISE Working Group White Paper

The Building Strong Library and Information Science Education (BSLISE) Working Group (lisedu.wordpress.edu) of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), is an initiative of the IFLA Sections on Education and Training, and Library Theory and Research, and the LIS Education in Developing Countries Special Interest Group. The BSLISE Working Group is pursuing the development of an international quality assurance framework that will guide and promote international educational standards in LIS. Its work considers the sociopolitical and technological developments that are inclusive of local and regional contexts. In its first phase of research, the group conducted an international survey to understand the qualification requirements for library and information "professional" practice around the world, inclusive of regional and national contexts. This White Paper is informed by the findings from this international survey, and is available for download at https://doi.org/10.15641/0-7992-2542-6.

The IFLA Building Strong Library and Information Science Education Working Group (BSLISE) is a collective of LIS educators, researchers, and practitioners. It emerged after the 2016 IFLA Satellite Meeting as an initiative of the IFLA Sections on Education and Training, and Library Theory and Research, and the LIS Education in Developing Countries Special Interest Group. It includes members from six regions of the world, representing twelve countries and twelve languages. They bring to the collective a range of expertise and experience, and a commitment to a global vision of excellence in LIS education anchored in local and sociopolitical realities. The inclusion of voices from the global north and south creates a robust space within which to develop a strong and sustainable LIS education.

The evolution of the Dewey Decimal Classification system

Violet Fox, Next, May 21, 2019

The editors of the Dewey Decimal Classification system have always collaborated with librarians to ensure the classification is up to date. Today, we are excited to share changes that are making the editorial work on Dewey more transparent, inclusive, and responsive to community needs—and we need your help!

The Dewey system was designed primarily based on the collection at Amherst College. Its inventor, Melvil Dewey, despaired over the disordered way the books were organized. Amherst's library collection was typical of many American colleges and universities of the time, heavily weighted towards what were considered the classics of Western tradition.

Since its first edition in 1876, Dewey has been revised innumerable times. Twenty-three printed editions have been published, the last in 2011, and today the system is updated multiple times a week via OCLC's online platform WebDewey and annually via the Dewey Print-on-Demand option.

The Dewey editorial team works to keep the classification up to date, including research in any subject area you can imagine. We work at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., where we consult frequently with the classifiers who assign Dewey numbers to new publications so they can keep us informed about new publication trends (for example, gluten-free cooking [641.5639311] or self-driving cars [629.222]).

Recent updates are far more inclusive than the system's original focus on productivity and efficiency. New provisions for works include those focusing on gender identity and sexual orientation as well as providing new options for classifying works about Indigenous peoples (see 025.431 The Dewey Blog, January 10, 2019).

The Dewey Decimal Classification system is now the world's most widely used library classification system. Like any classification, Dewey is a system of categorizing ideas, and what is recognized as a concept that is worthy of being enumerated constantly evolves. As a reflection of what is being published and collected by libraries, the DDC reflects changing cultural norms.

Today, the editors work to adapt Dewey to demonstrate librarians' deeply held values of equity, diversity, and inclusion. We can work together to mitigate bias, both by being cognizant of any system's origins and by making changes to the system.

Addressing bias in Dewey also includes making the process of revising Dewey more transparent. And it means getting more people involved to include more diverse viewpoints. While previously, only discussion papers were shared with Dewey users, as of February 2019 we have made all our research public and now invite comments on proposals for changing Dewey before those proposals are implemented. We are also inviting subject specialists and librarians around the world to help us by contributing proposals to revise Dewey.

If you have ideas about how to improve the DDC, we want to hear from you. We know that you—library workers around the world—are the ones with the best insights into how to represent the communities and disciplines you serve. So please write to us at dewey@oclc.org with any thoughts you have on ways to improve and broaden this important shared resource. As we often work through these issues publicly on the Dewey Blog at https://ddc.typepad.com/025431/, you can keep an eye out there, too.

Our hope is that these steps towards a more engaged community ensure that we are increasingly responsive to new trends and that we are providing a more global and inclusive perspective within the DDC.


Conference Review: The 7th North American Symposium on Knowledge Organization (NASKO 2019)

Sam Grabus and Sonia Pascua, Research Assistants, Metadata Research Center, College of Computing & Informatics, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

The seventh North American Symposium on Knowledge Organization (NASKO 2019) took place from June 13-14, 2019 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. NASKO 2019 was hosted by the Metadata Research Center and Drexel University's College of Computing and Informatics in their new, dynamic, state-of-the-art space at the heart of uCity Square.

NASKO is organized by ISKO C-US, the North American chapter of the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO). ISKO is "the premier international scholarly society devoted to the theory and practice of knowledge organization, bringing together professionals from different disciplines such as information science, philosophy, linguistics, and computer science, as well as special domains such as health informatics."1 ISKO was founded as an international and interdisciplinary society in 1989, with a mission to "advance conceptual work in knowledge organization in all kinds of forms, and for all kinds of purposes, such as databases, libraries, dictionaries, and the Internet." ISKO-C/US has 57 active members, with representation from the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australasia. ISKO C-US held its first symposium in 2007.

This year's conference theme was "Community and Computation." The conference called for papers covering Knowledge Organization (KO) history and foundations, theory, epistemological stances, domain analytical approaches, community of practices, community representation and misrepresentation, digital lifecycle, and computational approaches.

NASKO 2019 kicked off with a pre-conference Metadata Mixer event, hosted by Drexel CCI Professor Jane Greenberg and Drexel University's Metadata Research Center. The mixer was open to NASKO members and included early attendees from Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) and individuals across Drexel University, as well as a visiting scholar. Participants were invited to share slides in advance, and there were six lightning talks, where other attendees contributed to the discussion. Lightning talks presented current metadata and knowledge organization research, as well as goals for the summer. Presentations covered the Drexel Digital Museum Project, characterizing data loss in standardized research networks, analyzing data events in biodiversity data papers, automatic indexing with historical controlled vocabularies and SKOS transformation of historical Library of Congress Subject Headings for the 19th-Century Knowledge Project, and hierarchy construction and classification of heterogeneous complex networks.

The conference was organized by co-chairs ISKO C-US President Laura Ridenour, doctoral student, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; and Program Officer Brian Dobreski, doctoral candidate, Syracuse University. Additional key organizers included Treasurer Thomas Dousa, Metadata Analyst Librarian, University of Chicago; and Drexel University Professor, Jane Greenberg.

Approximately 30 participants attended the two-day conference, with representations from the United States, Brazil, China, the Netherlands, and Canada. Twenty-two papers were presented over the two-day conference. The presentation categories were: Representing Visual Culture in Knowledge Organization; Perspectives on the Knowledge Organization Community; KO and Global Issues; Current Interpretations of Earlier KO Theorists; Automatic Methods, Computation, and Models; Epistemology, Meaning, and Warrant in KO; and Data Management and Scholarly Communications.

The conference began with a welcome from Drexel's Information Science Department Head, Xia Lin which was followed by the keynote address, An Evolving Understanding of Knowledge Organization from Barbara Kwaśnik, Professor Emerita, Syracuse University. Kwaś provided an overview of her changing perspectives over the course of her studies in KO, shifting from a reverence to more formal classification to acknowledging and embracing context and fuzzy boundaries between classes of things. She commented on her transition to faceted classification, as well as the idea that the ontological commitments to classify human endeavors are different than those used to support science. Kwaśnik concluded her presentation with her current focus on Hope Olson's work, which makes the case for why hierarchies are antithetical to equitable and inclusive representation in classifications because the top-term definitions define all those beneath them.

    Session 1: Representing Visual Culture in Knowledge Organization included:
  • Warrant Revealed and an Institutional Response: The AAT and Graffiti Art by Ann Graf
  • Casta Paintings and Knowledge Organization in Colonial Mexico by Katherine Morrison
  • Side by Side: The Use of Multiple Subject Languages in Capturing Shifting Contexts around Historical Collections by Brian Dobreski, Jian Qin, and Melissa Resnick

    Session 2: Perspectives on the Knowledge Organization Community included:
  • Mapping the KO Community by Heather Moulaison Sandy and Andrew Dillon
  • Ethics for Contingent Classifications: Rorty's Pragmatic Ethics and Postmodern Knowledge Organization by Elliot Hauser and Joseph Tennis
  • Observing trajectories of KOSs Across Space and Time: The DANS KOS Observatory (KOSo) by Gerard Coen, Richard P. Smiraglia, Peter Doorn, and Andrea Scharnhorst

    Session 3: KO and Global Issues included:
  • Cultural Biases in Knowledge Organization Systems: A Discussion Regarding International University Rankings by José Guimarães, Grant Campbell, Suellen Oliveira Milani, and Helber Holland
  • Exploring Geopolitical Realities through Taxonomies: The Case of Taiwan by Yi-Yun Cheng and Bertram Ludaescher
  • Cataloging Practices Through an Ethnographic Lens: Workarounds, Disagreements, and Manifestations of Culture by Wan-Chen Lee

Special Presentation: On Patrick Wilson by Howard White, Professor Emeritus and Visiting Research Professor, Drexel University

White's article is a critical introduction to Patrick Wilson's works on bibliographical control, relevance, subject indeterminacy, information needs, information overload, the role of librarians, and the Library and Information Science field. White makes the case for Wilson's continued relevance for information scientists, providing a theoretical and philosophical foundation for knowledge organization systems.

    Session 4: Current Interpretations of Earlier KO Theorists included:
  • The Contribution of James Duff Brown to the Analytic-Synthetic Method: Comparisons with Otlet, Kaiser, and Ranganathan by Rodrigo De Sales, Daniel Martínez-Ávila, and José Augusto Chaves Guimarães
  • Metatheoretical Restoration: Modeling Ranganathan's Dynamic Theory of Classification by Joseph Tennis
  • Intellection and Intuition: On the Epistemology of S.R. Ranganathan by Thomas M. Dousa

These initial four sessions covered issues of culture, geopolitical sovereignty discrepancies, aspects of ethics and bias, early KO theorists, representing contextual facets for historical objects with multiple vocabularies, and an analysis of the KO community itself. A spirited discussion took place about how KO and cataloging practices may reflect cultural differences and cataloger decisions made through an ethnographic lens.

The second day began with a doctoral symposium that gave doctoral students an opportunity to discuss their research trajectory within the context of KO and to receive guidance from NASKO mentors and participants. The symposium included several phases: 1) a meeting between a doctoral student and their assigned mentor; 2) "1-Minute Madness" where the doctoral students and mentors re-joined the NASKO symposium attendees, mentors introduced the students and explained their research, followed by comments and further explanation from the students; and 3) "Dissertation Doctor" where students asked the audience questions about their work; and 4) a brainstorming session with NASKO participants about how the students' work can incorporate knowledge organization theories and methodologies. NASKO participants collaborated to document student questions and recommended courses of action.

    Session 5: Automatic Methods, Computation, and Models included:
  • Representing Aboutness: Automatically Indexing 19th-Century Encyclopedia Britannica Entries by Sam Grabus, Jane Greenberg, Peter Logan, and Joan Boone
  • Public Knowledge, Private Ignorance, and the Problem of Algorithms by Robert Montoya and Gregory Leazer
  • Moving Towards an Agent-Based Model for Subject Analysis by Chris Holstrom

    Session 6: Epistemology, Meaning, and Warrant in KO
  • The Standpoint Practitioner warrant: An Actionable Antiracist Foundation for Addressing and Mitigating the Contradiction Between Professed and Actual Value Definitions in the Practice of Knowledge Organization by Deborah Maron
  • Episemantics: Aboutness as Aroundness by Elliot Hauser and Joseph Tennis
  • Ways of Being and Ways of Knowing: Heidegger's The Question Concerning Technology and Knowledge Organization by Preston Salisbury

    Session 7: Data Management and Scholarly Communications
  • Facet Analysis and Topic Modeling of an Emerging Domain: Research Data Management and Data Curation by Heather Moulaison Sandy, Heather Froehlich, Cynthia Hudson-Vitale, and Denice Adkins
  • Ontology as a Service: Exploring HIVE Technology for Extending Clarivate Services by Jane Greenberg, Liz Jenkins, and Megan Force

These final three sessions covered topics on aboutness, automatic indexing for both humanities and scientific digital collections, algorithms in KO, agent-based models, facet analysis, research data management and data curation scholarship, and a framework for actionable antiracism and addressing white fragility in KO. NASKO 2019 concluded with an ISKOC/US General assembly, officer elections, and an open educators' forum.

The best paper awards went to "Episemantics: Aboutness as Aroundness" by Elliot Hauser and Joseph Tennis and "Mapping the KO Community," by Heather Moulaison Sandy and Andrew Dillon. The conference concluded with its business meeting, the ISKO-C/US General Assembly, and the Open Educators Forum that provided an opportunity for attendees to discuss curriculum for KO educators.

The two-day conference brought together knowledge organization scholars and practitioners across North America and beyond. This community of people interested in KO demonstrated an enthusiasm for both theoretical and empirical research. Important topics ranged from bias, ethics, and identity in classification; theoretical and philosophical foundations; warrant; automatic approaches; and representation for historical information objects. Highlights from NASKO 2019 included a keynote presentation by Barbara Kwaśnik about the evolution in her understanding of KO; a critical analysis of Patrick Wilson by special presenter Howard White; best paper awards for Elliot Hauser, Joseph Tennis, Heather Moulaison Sandy and Andrew Dillon; and a doctoral symposium to guide current PhD students in their KO research. NASKO 2019 conference papers will be published in the University of Washington's open access repository. The papers most highly ranked during the peer-review process will, with permission of the authors, be published in full in a future issue of Knowledge Organization.

Meeting of the Permanent UNIMARC Committee

Jay Weitz, Vice Chair of the PUC, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Dublin, Ohio, USA

On 2019 May 9 and 10, IFLA's Permanent UNIMARC Committee (PUC) gathered at IZUM Institute of Information Science in Maribor, Slovenia, for its 29th formal meeting. In attendance were Ms. Saeedeh Akbari-Daryan (National Library and Archives of the Islamic Republic of Iran); Ms. Branka Badovinac (IZUM, Slovenia); Ms. Flavia Bruni (ICCU, Italy), attending remotely; Ms. Rosa Galvão (National Library of Portugal); PUC Chair Ms. Gordana Mazić (IZUM, Slovenia); Ms. Agnès Manneheut (University of Nantes, France); Mr. Oscar Nalesini (ICCU, Italy); Ms. Olga Zhlobinskaya (Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library, Russia); and Mr. Jay Weitz (OCLC, USA), PUC Vice Chair and rapporteur.

During the two days of meetings, the PUC discussed a total of sixteen UNIMARC/Bibliographic (U/B) and UNIMARC/Authority (U/A) change proposals; the "Guidelines for Archival Materials;" online publication of U/B; and other topics. The minutes of the August 2018 informal PUC meeting at the IFLA Congress in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were approved and subsequently added to the PUC website (https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/uca/puc-meetings/pucreport2018ifla_published.pdf). For the first time, this PUC meeting was live streamed for authorized attendees.

UNIMARC Formats:

The UNIMARC change proposals were discussed mostly in numerical order. Unless otherwise noted, the proposals were accepted or accepted as amended. In some cases, these actions represent final approval of previously accepted proposals that were subsequently found to need additional work.

  • U/B 135 (Coded Data Field: Electronic Resources) has had additional codes defined in subfield $a/1 (Special Material Designation) to conform with RDA Carrier Types and MARC 21. Code "r" has been redefined to "Online: A special material designation for digital resources that are accessed, processed, executed, etc. remotely."
  • U/B 210 (Publication, Distribution, Etc.) and a proposed U/B 214 (Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture Statements) were discussed in tandem. In an attempt to decide if it was better to adapt the existing U/B 210 or to create a new U/B 214 to accommodate the greater detail called for in the IFLA Library Reference Model (LRM), it was decided to create the new field U/B 214, rather than adding complexity to the existing field U/B 210. The Comité français UNIMARC (CfU) will improve the proposal, adding instructions for using field U/B 214 for older monographic publications along with an example. Cross references will be added to both the new U/B 214 and the existing U/B 210 fields.
  • U/B 606 (Topical Name Used as Subject) will continue to be worked on by the CfU to accommodate genre/form terms as subject access points and subdivisions, in conjunction with U/A 280.
  • U/B Numerical Subfields are in the process of being clarified and harmonized for consistency with U/A Control Subfields. A definition of "Control Subfield" will be added to U/B 1.3, "Definitions." The validity of U/B subfield $1 in each of the U/B 6– block fields will be doublechecked. Only selected U/B subfields $2 will be included in the list of Control Subfields. U/B subfield $2 will be renamed "Source." U/B subfield $3 will be renamed "Authority Record Identifier." The suggestion to include U/B subfield $u (Uniform Resource Identifier) among the Control Subfields was rejected. It was decided to keep U/B subfield $4 (Relator Code) as one of the defined U/B Control Subfields.
  • U/B Appendix G: Subject Systems Codes, has had several new codes added at the request of the CfU. The CfU will also work on resolving inconsistencies among codes listed in U/B Appendix G, the relevant MARC 21 code lists, and proposed changes to U/A 123. The result will be a revised proposal from the CfU for online publication.

  • U/A 106 (Coded Data Field: Personal/Corporate/Family Name/Trademark/Printer/Publisher Device Used as Subject Access Point) has been renamed "Coded Data Field: Entity Name Used as Subject Access Point" and been extended for use with territorial names, geographic names, and topical subjects.
  • U/A 123 (Coded Data Field: Territorial or Geographical Name) has had subfield $2 for Source added
  • U/A 180 (Coded Data Field: Form, Genre, or Physical Characteristics) was proposed for the coding of distinctions among form, genre, and physical characteristic access points. In the course of discussion, it was discovered that field U/A 180 had already been defined in a 2012 proposal as "Form of a Textual Language Work." Ms. Galvão will research the proposal archive and report back to the PUC about the status of U/A 180.
  • U/A 223 (Authorized Access Point – Character), U/A 423 (Variant Access Point – Character), U/A 523 (Related Access Point – Character), U/A 723 (Authorized Access Point in Other Language and/or Script – Character) were discussed in the context of the propriety of using subfield $3 (Authority Record Identifier for Name) in the examples.
  • U/A 280 (Authorized Access Point – Form, Genre, or Physical Characteristics) will continue to be worked on by the CfU to accommodate genre/form terms as subject access points and subdivisions, in conjunction with U/B 606.
  • U/A 370 (Note on History of Work), U/A 371 (Note on Nature of Content of Work), and U/A 372 (Note on Coverage of Content of Work) were proposed to accommodate three aspects of the detailed description of the LRM entity Work. The PUC preferred the definition of a single field with separate subfields for the three aspects, for which the CfU will prepare a consolidated proposal.
  • U/A 822 (Note on Corresponding Term in Other System) has been proposed for information on corresponding data in external systems. The field has been renamed "Corresponding Data in OtherSystems" and work will continue on refining the proposal.
  • U/A Control Subfields are in the process of being clarified and harmonized for consistency with U/B Numerical Subfields. The use of U/A subfield $2 is being extended to more fields in the U/A 8–block. U/A subfield $4 will be added to list of U/A Control Fields, with a definition to be provided by the CfU. The suggestion to include U/A subfield $u (Uniform Resource Identifier) among the Control Subfields was rejected.

All updated proposals will be published after being approved by The PUC in an online meeting or by email.

Planning for the online publication of the full text of U/B, including editing of the introduction and the appendices, continues and was further discussed in an editorial group conference call on 2019 May 29.

Guidelines for Archives:

The Title of the document has been changed to "Guidelines for Archival Materials." A new example from the CfU is being refined for inclusion in the guidelines document. Appendix A, currently titled "Table of Correspondence of EAD Elements/Attributes and UNIMARC," has been retitled to "Table of Correspondence of EAD and UNIMARC."

Upcoming UNIMARC Meetings and Other Activities

The PUC will meet informally on Tuesday, 2019 August 27, 4:15-6:45 p.m. at the IFLA Congress in Athens, Greece. The next official meeting of the PUC is tentatively scheduled for 2010 March 24-25, either at the BnF in Paris or at IZUM in Maribor, Slovenia.

Respectfully submitted on 2019 June 2 by Mr. Jay Weitz, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, USA; incorporating corrections from Ms. Rosa Galvão, Ms. Agnàs Manneheut, Ms. Gordana Mazić, and Ms. Olga Zhlobinskaya.

DCMI 2019 Conference

The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) annual international conference in 2019 will be hosted by the National Library of Korea, in Seoul, South Korea, September 23-26, 2019. The program has been published at http://www.dublincore.org/conferences/2019/programme/. Included are three keynote speakers: Young Man Ko, Karen Coyle and Javed Mostafa, along with a mixture of papers, panels, tutorials, workshops, a "Best Practice Day" for showcasing good and innovative metadata practice, and a Wikidata Hackathon.

OLAC Video Game Vocabulary

OLAC Catalogers Network, 2019

OLAC Inc. (Online Audiovisual Catalogers) is pleased to announce the OLAC Video Game Genre Vocabulary. Video games are extremely popular materials held by both public libraries and academic libraries. There is a compelling need for a robust genre vocabulary for cataloging video games that will aid users in identifying video game titles by genre.

OLAC's decision to publish a video game genre vocabulary was predicated on the fact that many audiovisual (AV) catalogers have long looked to OLAC to provide resources that support the cataloging of a variety of AV formats. Among those valued resources are Best Practices for Cataloging DVD and Blu-Ray Discs Using RDA and MARC21 and Best Practices for Cataloging Video Games Using RDA and MARC21. Although the OLAC video game genre vocabulary and the associated MARC records are a different type of aid than OLAC has published in the past, OLAC is very excited about publishing its own genre vocabulary. It is hoped that this video game genre vocabulary and the associated authority records willbecome an extremely valuable OLAC resource and be widely adopted.

The OLAC video game genre vocabulary includes sixty-six genre terms, each with a scope note to help librarians choose the correct term when cataloging video games. The vocabulary is fully cross-referenced and includes authoritative sources to corroborate the usage of the genre term as applied to video games. The list of the sixty-six OLAC authorized video game genre vocabulary terms, guidelines for their use, as well as the related MARC authority records for the terms can be found on OLAC's website under the category of Cataloging Resources - OLAC video game genre vocabulary, at https://www.olacinc.org/olac-video-game-vocabulary.

The availability of the MARC authority records enables libraries to be able to upload these records into the authorities' database of their ILS and affords a quality control measure for the video game genre terms. In addition, access to the downloadable MARC authority records should help to build the usage of the vocabulary. The MARC records are available to download as either MARC-8 or UTF-8 form.

The OLAC video game genre vocabulary has been assigned the MARC source code of olacvggt for use in identifying the source of vocabulary genre terms assigned in bibliographic records for individual video game titles. The designated olacvggt code appears in the Genre/Form Code and Term Source Codes list which is maintained by the Library of Congress, http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/genre-form.html. The terms contained in the OLAC video game genre vocabulary should be used in bibliographic field 655 with the second indicator "7" and subfield $2 coded "olacvggt."

The OLAC video game genre vocabulary also has an RDF-compliant form which can be found at the Open Metadata Registry. Each term has a permalink and the entire vocabulary can be downloaded as XML or CSV. The OMR link can be found on the OLAC website under the category of Cataloging Resources - OLAC video game genre vocabulary - Open Metadata Registry.

OLAC strongly encourages the cataloging community to embrace the use of the authorized OLAC terms in the OLAC video game genre vocabulary when cataloging video games for their collections.

The work to create the OLAC video game genre vocabulary was accomplished by the ALA ALCTS CAMMS/SAC/GFIS/Video Game Working Group. The members of the working group researched over 200 video game genre terms which were considered for inclusion in the final vocabulary. Debbie Ryszka (University of Delaware), edited the text-based authority records in order to make them compliant with punctuation requirements for MARC records, and also made sure that all broader terms (BT) and related terms (RT) were properly referenced. Members of the Working Group are: Rosemary Groenwald, Chair, Mount Prospect Public Library; Jay L. Colbert, University of Utah; Eduardo Fojo, Florida International University; Julia Frankosky, Michigan State University; Netanel Ganin, Library of Congress; Rachel Jaffe, University of California, Santa Cruz; Charles Lemme, Hussey Mayfield Memorial Public Library; Neil Robinson, University of Michigan; and George Wrenn, Humboldt State University.


1ISKO, "International Society for Knowledge Organization," https://www.isko.org/ (accessed August 7, 2019).



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